Secondary school english teachers’ technology perceptions and issues related with their technology integration processes: a qualitative study

Top, Ercan
The main aim of this study was to investigate the secondary schools English teachers’ perceptions of technology, technology integration processes into their lessons, and the ways they use technology for professional development. The secondary aim of the study was to propose technology integration guidelines to enable high school English teachers to integrate technology into their teaching. Qualitative research design was used in this study and it resembles multi-case studies. For the participants’ selection, criterion and convenience sampling strategy was used. First, 17 high schools (4 private, 3 Anatolian, 6 regular, and 4 vocational) were determined in Ankara province, and then 17 English teachers, one from each school, were selected based on the predetermined criteria. Totally, 17 teachers and 17 administrators were included in the study. Observations, document analysis, and interviews were used to collect the data. The data were analyzed through content analysis. The data were categorized under emerged themes, general technology knowledge, planning, using, evaluation and assessment, personal purposes, attitudes, support, and wishes. The findings of the study indicated that private high school teachers perceived themselves more knowledgeable in technology knowledge than regular, Anatolian, and vocational high school teachers. In addition, the interview results showed that private high school teachers integrate technology into planning, instruction, evaluation and assessment, and professional development more than the other English teachers. When school resources and support mechanisms were compared, private high schools were in a better condition than public high schools. Finally, most of the administrators included in the study wanted teachers use available school resources in their lessons.