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Electrospinning of polystyrene/butly rubber blends : a parametric study

Göktaş, Ahmet
Nanofibers, which have high surface area to volume ratio and better mechanical properties, are nanomaterials that both industry and scientists have started to show great attention in the last two decades. They are used in many areas such as life and filtration sciences, sensors, and composite reinforcement etc. Among five main production types, electrospinning is the best candidate for further development with a wide range of opportunities to be applied to all types of polymers and ceramics. This method uses electrically charged jet of polymers or liquid states of polymers to produce fibers from micro dimensions down to nano dimensions. Electrospinning setup has mainly three parts; (i) an AC/DC high voltage equipment which creates high electrical potential, (ii) a syringe, and (iii) a collecting screen. The purpose of this study is to electrospin polystyrene/butyl rubber blends and to investigate the effects of electrospinning parameters on the fibers produced. In this study, polystyrene/butyl rubber blends were electrospun by changing the applied voltage, the tip-to-collector distance, the flowrate, and the butyl rubber content in the fiber. Finally, morphology of electrospun fibers was characterized by SEM. The average fiber diameters varied from 760 nm to nearly 10 m. Increasing butyl rubber content in the fiber resulted in a decrease in the final fiber diameter. Increasing applied voltage also caused a decrease in the final fiber diameter. The tip-to-collector distance did not affect the average fiber diameter. Increasing flowrate yielded fibers with larger diameters. Finally, the addition of non-ionic surfactant decreased the average fiber diameter.