Leakage control by optimal valve operation

Özkan, Tülay
The main function of a water distribution system is to supply water in sufficient quantity at appropriate pressure with an acceptable quality and as economically as possible. Water leakage in distribution networks may account from 5% to 50% and even larger of the total water delivered. The amount of leakage in a network is directly related to system service pressure. Therefore, reductions in high service pressures will result in considerable reductions in leakage. A methodology for leakage reduction has been presented in context of a developed computer program, LEAKSOL with two sub-programs. The first code, CODE I, provides solution by using optimization techniques with defined pressure-leakage and pressure-demand relations in order to find optimal flow control valve settings minimizing water leakage. The second one, CODE II, makes hydraulic analysis of the network in order to solve the system and to compute the amount of leakage and the amount of water consumed, by using different combinations of isolation valves generated according to the number of valves given and employing the relationships among pressure, leakage and consumption. Computer program application was performed for different scenarios in a sample network previously used in literature and also in N8-3 pressure zone of Ankara Municipal Water Supply System. Leakage reduction up to 10 % has been achieved in N8-3 pressure zone for eight valves located at the entrances of sub-zones, depending on the defined pressure-leakage relationship.


Operational hydrological forecasting of snowmelt runoff by remote sensing and geographic information systems integration
Tekeli, Ahmet Emre; Şorman, Ali Ünal; Department of Civil Engineering (2005)
Snow indicates the potential stored water volume that is an important source of water supply, which has been the most valuable and indispensable natural resource throughout the history of the world. Euphrates and Tigris, having the biggest dams of Turkey, are the two largest trans-boundary rivers that originate in Turkey and pass throughout the water deficit nations Syria, Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia bringing life as well as water all their way. Snowmelt runoff originating from the mountains of Eastern Turk...
Booster disinfection in water distribution networks
Sert, Çağlayan; Altan Sakarya, Ayşe Burcu; Department of Civil Engineering (2009)
Disinfection of the municipal water systems is mostly achieved by means of chlorine addition at water treatment plants known as sources. Thus, there should be an adequate chlorine concentration at the source for an effective disinfection throughout the system by considering upper and lower limits of disinfectant. However, since the disinfectants are reactive and decays through the system, chlorine added at the source may not be enough to maintain desired disinfectant residuals which may lead to water qualit...
Optimal operation of water distribution pumps considering water quality
Altan Sakarya, Ayşe Burcu (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2000-07-01)
A new methodology has been developed for determining the optimal operation of water distribution system pumps with water quality considerations. The methodology is based upon describing the operation as a discrete time optimal scheduling problem that can be used to determine the optimal operation schedules of the pumps in distribution systems. The solution methodology is based upon a mathematical programming approach resulting in a large-scale nonlinear programming problem that cannot be solved using existi...
Active microwave remote sensing of soil moisture : a case study in Kurukavak Basin
Yılmaz, Musa; Şorman, Ali Ünal; Department of Civil Engineering (2009)
Soil moisture condition of a watershed plays a significant role in separation of rainfall into infiltration and surface runoff, and hence is a key parameter for the majority of physical hydrological models. Due to the large difference in dielectric constants of dry soil and water, microwave remote sensing and particularly the commonly available synthetic aperture radar is a potential tool for such studies. The main aim of this study is to produce the distributed soil moisture maps of a catchment from active...
Comprehensive modelling of gas condensate relative permeability and its influence on field performance
Çalışgan, Hüseyin; Akın, Serhat; Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (2005)
The productivity of most gas condensate wells is reduced significantly due to condensate banking when the bottom hole pressure falls below the dew point. The liquid drop-out in these very high rate gas wells may lead to low recovery problems. The most important parameter for determining condensate well productivity is the effective gas permeability in the near wellbore region, where very high velocities can occur. An understanding of the characteristics of the high-velocity gas-condensate flow and relative ...
Citation Formats
T. Özkan, “Leakage control by optimal valve operation,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2008.