Synthesis and characterization of fatty acid based hyperbranched polymers for anti-cancer drug delivery

Güç, Esra
Conventional methods of chemotherapy requires novel therapy systems due to serious side effects and inefficiency of drug administration. In recent years many studies are carried out to improve drug delivery systems. Polymers are one of the most important elements for drug delivery research due to their versatility. By the discovery of dendritic polymers, drug delivery studies gained a new vision. Highly branched monodisperse structure, multiple sites of attachment, well-defined size and controllable physical and chemical properties make them efficient drug delivery systems. In this research hyperbranched dendritic polymers were sythesized and characterized for hydrophobic drug delivery. Dipentaerythritol which was used as core molecule, esterified with dimethylol propionic acid. Ricinoleic acid was esterified with the end groups of dimethylol propionic acid and hyperbranched resin (HBR) was formed. By considering the properties of HBR, hydrophobic tamoxifen and idarubicin were used for drug delivery study. The most efficient loading was determined as 73% for tamoxifen and 74% for idarubicin. Drug-HBR interactions and changes in properties of HBR were determined by FTIR, zeta potential and particle size measurements. FTIR results indicated that idarubicin chemically interacted with HBR while tamoxifen physically loaded to HBR. Drug delivery profile of HBR was studied in the absence and presence of lipase from Pseudomonas sp. and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Results revelaed that lipase and SDS increased the release rate of tamoxifen while idarubicin release rate was not affected. The effect of lipase was also tested for the degradation of HBR and it was indicated that lipase sustain a faster degradation. Finally toxicity of HBR and drug loaded HBR on MCF-7 breast cancer cell line was determined with XTT proliferation assay. Empty HBR did not cause significant toxicity on MCF-7 cells while drug loaded HBR was more toxic than free drug. By this study the efficiency of novel synthesized hyperbranched polymer in drug delivery was shown.


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Citation Formats
E. Güç, “Synthesis and characterization of fatty acid based hyperbranched polymers for anti-cancer drug delivery,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.