Changing labour market positions and workplace interactions of irregular moldovan migrants: the case of textile/clothing sector in İstanbul, Turkey

Dağdelen, Görkem
The new international division of labour has transformed the economic structure of Turkey from an import-substituted to an export-oriented economy. Starting from the early 90s, many Moldovan migrants began to come to Turkey in order to work temporarily in the informal economy. They worked in clothing and shoe ateliers until the beginning of this century. Nowadays many Moldovan migrants work in clothing shops as Russian-speaking sales assistants and in the cargo firms as carriers. Based on this historical context, this study explores the changing labour market position and workplace interactions of irregular Moldovan migrants, who are working in the textile/clothing sector in Istanbul, Turkey. I firstly try to understand the mechanisms of the changing labour market positions of irregular migrants by focusing on the factors and agents behind these dynamic processes. Secondly, I intend to analyze the labour process control regimes and resistance in the workplaces where migrants work. With this aim in view, I conducted field research in Istanbul consisting of 35 in depth and informal interviews with Moldovan migrants, Turkish employers and Turkish employees. As a result of the analyses of my findings, I first observed that although foreign workers cannot change the exploitative working conditions, they can find ways of escaping from exploitative working conditions in a context. Secondly, the level of exploitation in informal working conditions are not only determined by the necessities of capitalist accumulation regimes and the migration policies of the state but also by the preferences of employers based on economic and cultural motives but also.


Mismatch of labor force and industry in Konya: analysis of structural and individual factors from employer’s perspective
Fenerli, Aydın; Beşpınar Akgüner, Fatma Umut; Department of Social Policy (2019)
Turkey has experienced a significant economic growth after 2002 and GDP increased along with growing sectors and increasing income. However, growth was not reflected in the labor market outcomes. This study focuses on causes of not increasing labor force participation in a rapidly growing economy of a province, aims to understand underlying reasons, and identifying areas that need to be addressed in future. The research and discussions were carried out on the case of Konya province, by focusing on industry ...
Essays on informality in the Turkish labor market
Kan, Elif Öznur; Tansel, Aysıt; Department of Economics (2012)
This thesis investigates the nature, extent and dynamics of informal employment in the Turkish labor market using 2006-2009 Turkish Income and Living Conditions Survey. It is mainly a collection of three essays. In the first essay, an attempt is made to analyze the relevance and implications of three alternative characterizations of informality which include an enterprise-based definition associating informality with small firms, an extended enterprise-based definition incorporating social security protecti...
Changing modalities of urban redevelopment and housing finance in Turkey: Three mass housing projects in Ankara
Topal Yılmaz, Aylin; Yalman, Galip L.; Celik, Ozlem (2019-07-04)
This study aims to critically analyze the transformation of the Turkish state's role in urban redevelopment and housing finance by focusing on 3 mass housing projects from Ankara in 3 different historical political conjunctures. The analysis reveals that the Turkish state, with its peculiar institutional artifices, not only creates rent gaps in varying forms but also increasingly coordinates appropriation of them. This involved not only reformulation of strategies to cope with the social problem of continui...
Poverty and Turkish labor markets
Erdil, Erkan (Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (Ankara, Turkey), 2007-12-1)
This study aims to determine the relations between poverty and the dynamics of Turkish labor market. In this context, two secondary aims are also targeted. First is to demonstrate the situation of the poor in Turkey with international comparisons by employing various socio-economic measures. Second, is to clarify the poverty problem in Turkey in the framework of Turkish labor markets and to offer some policy recommendations directed towards Turkish labor markets. The study finds out endogenous relations bet...
An Analysis of Turkish migration and asylum policies in the framework of world systems theory: labour market integration of the Syrians under “temporary protection”
Çam, Faruk; Göksel, Asuman; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2019)
This thesis analyses Turkish migration and refugee policies within the framework of World Systems Theory, with a special focus on Syrian refugee crisis which was started in 2011. Republic of Turkey has experienced a massive influx of Syrian refugees in a short period of time. Republic of Turkey, having still been holding the geographical limitation to the 1951 Geneva Convention, does not recognize Syrian asylum seekers as refugees in the legal sense. Regardless of their legal status, Syrian refugees had to ...
Citation Formats
G. Dağdelen, “Changing labour market positions and workplace interactions of irregular moldovan migrants: the case of textile/clothing sector in İstanbul, Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.