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Experimental analysis of the flow through a bottom outlet on the threshold of motion of particles

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2008
Göbelez , Özge
The Shield’s Diagram has been the key stone for the description of initiatial motion of a particle in open channel flow. Data in Shield’s study and further studies are collected in channels. However, the approximation of these data for the case of withdrawal of sediment or clean water through bottom outlets has not been confirmed. Furthermore, two phase models run to simulate the phenomenon so far have used brine and water combination. In this study, an experimental attempt is made to study the behavior of deposits subject to withdrawal from a bottom outlet where there are not enough parameters to calculate the bottom shear stress and consequently the dimensionless parameters generally used for the description of initiation of motion. The experimental set up used for this purpose is a 1 m long and 0.35 m wide channel such that at the downstream of the channel there is a horizontal slit representing the bottom outlet. During the experiments, fresh water and sand with D50 = 0.298 mm and D50 = 0.912 mm are used. Two different widths of the slit, namely 0.35 m and 0.0875 m are investigated. Based on the observations of the incipient motion of the sediment, the findings in the form of a relationship among the discharge through the bottom outlet, and some other relevant parameters are reported. In addition, a comparison of these data with the literature by the help of some newly defined dimensionless parameters for the description of the initiation of motion is included.