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A new p-fam-silver catalyst for asymmetric 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions of azomethine ylides

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2008
Eröksüz, Serap
In this study new twelve phosphorus based chiral ligands were synthesized and characterized. Then the catalytic activity of these chiral ligands was tested with Cu(II) and Ag(I) salts in asymmetric 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions of azomethine ylides. This method provides the synthesis of different pyrrolidine derivatives with up to four stereogenic centers. Pyrrolidine derivatives are found in the structure of many biologically active natural compounds and drugs. Therefore the asymmetric synthesis of these compounds is highly important and many groups are involved in this area. As the precursor of the azomethine ylides, N-benzyliden-glycinmethylester, N-(4-methoxy benzyliden)-glycinmethylester, N-(naphthalene-1-ylmethylene)-amino-acetic acid methyl ester, and N-(naphthalen-2-ylmethylene)-amino-acetic acid methyl ester were synthesized and used. As the dipolarophiles, methyl acrylate, dimethyl maleate and N-methyl maleimide were used. Using these imines and dipolarophiles with 6 mol % of one of the P-FAM chiral ligands in the presence of Ag(I) salt, pyrrolidine derivatives were synthesized in up to 95% yield and 89% enantioselectivity. Additionally, chiral ligand was recovered in more than 80% yield and reused without losing its activity.