Preparation and characterization of micron size serpentine filled abs composite

Alakoç, Mustafa Can
Micron size non-treated / silane coupling agent (SCA) treated serpentine filled acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) composite preparation and characterization of composites in terms of mechanical, thermal, flow properties and morphology were studied in this work. First step of the study was the size reduction of the as collected serpentine mineral. Secondly, three types of silane coupling agent treatments were applied to serpentine which were gamma-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (A-174), beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-ethyltrimethoxysilane (A-186) and gamma-mercapto-propyltrimethoxysilane (A-189). Non-treated and three different types of SCA treated serpentine minerals were melt mixed with ABS. Non-treated serpentine filled ABS composites had the serpentine weight fractions of 2%, 5%, 10% and 20%. On the other hand, SCA treated ones had serpentine weight fractions of 2%, 5% and 10%. Morphological analysis showed that SCA treatment was partly effective in interface interaction enhancement and A-186 gave the best results according to micrographs. There wasn’t any critical mechanical property loss up to 20% serpentine addition. Tensile tests revealed that SCA treatment increased the yield strength values of composites compared to non-treated serpentine filled composites. In accordance with morphological study, best result was obtained from 5% A-186 treated serpentine filled ABS as 12.9% improvement in yield strength value. Percent elongation at break values were increased with filler addition and greatest increase was observed in A-189 treated samples. Serpentine addition had no net effect on Young’s Modulus values. According to the impact testing results, A-189 treated samples had improved toughness compared to non-treated samples in accordance with elongation at break values. However increasing filler content resulted with decrease in impact strength values. DSC analysis showed that glass transion temperatures, especially for SCA treated samples, were decreased compared to neat ABS with filler addition. This result suggests that SCA may had the plasticizing effect on the composite. Flow properties of composites were not different from neat ABS up to 2% addition, when the filler concentration was further increased melt flow index values were dramatically decreased.


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Citation Formats
M. C. Alakoç, “Preparation and characterization of micron size serpentine filled abs composite,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.