Development of a shell finite element for large deformation analysis of laminated composites

Yıldız, Tuba
The objective of the present work is to investigate the behavior of laminated fiber -reinforced polymer matrix composite shell structures under bending load with the help of a modified finite element computer code which was previously developed for the analysis of pseudo-layered single material shells. The laminates are assumed to be orthotropic and the formulation is adapted to first order shear deformation theory. The aim is to determine the large deformation characteristics numerically, and to predict the modes of failure by the illustration of the critical elements of the model. Therefore, several failure theories are also integrated to the code to detect first ply failure. Triangular shell elements are used and all the related data are generated from the mid-plane. Laminates under transverse loading are analyzed through several boundary conditions and ply orientations. To verify the numerical results obtained, a commercial finite element program is used to compare the outputs of the study, and the comparison is found to have shown good agreement. The onset of damage is investigated by using different failure criteria consisting of maximum stress, Tsai-Wu, and Tsai- Hill theories and close results are obtained.


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Citation Formats
T. Yıldız, “Development of a shell finite element for large deformation analysis of laminated composites,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.