Caustic recovery from highly alkaline denim mercerizing wastewaters using membrane technology

Download
2008
Varol, Cihangir
Recovery of caustic solution from mercerizing wastewaters of a denim producing textile mill was performed by using membrane technologies. A comprehensive characterization study was conducted to develop the treatment scheme. Highly alkaline and warm condition of wastewater has induced using membranes made of Polyethersulfone (PES). Conducted pretreatment applications such as microfiltration, flocculation and centrifuge have been found unsuccessful to improve further treatment capacities. Hence recovery studies which are UF, NF and pilot-system membrane applications have been implemented without any pretreatment. Effects of TMP and CFV on UF and NF processes were investigated and optimum operating conditions have been defined. UF has accomplished almost complete caustic solution recovery beside high COD and color retentions 84 % and 94 % under 4.03 bar TMP and 0.79 m/s CFV at 20±2 0C. Because of higher capacity of NF membranes also in acid and alkali recovery area, NF process has been studied in addition to UF. NF has also provided nearly complete NaOH recoveries with 92 % COD and 98 % color retentions under 4.03 bar TMP and 0.79 m/s CFV at 20±2 0C. Furthermore temperature effect was also studies by repeating the same processes at 40±2 0C considering the real operating conditions. Temperature has affected the system performance positively with regards to flux increases with insignificant loses in recovery and retention capacities. Lastly a pilot plant study has been conducted and it was found successful despite some operational difficulties due to high inorganic content and temperature of wastewater.

Suggestions

Anaerobic treatment of dilute wastewaters
Alptekin (Ener), Emel; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi; Department of Environmental Engineering (2008)
In this study, domestic wastewater was used to determine the anaerobic treatment performances of a dilute wastewater in one-phase upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) system and two-phase upflow anaerobic filter (UAF) and UASB system. The acidification performances of domestic wastewater were compared in UAF and UASB reactors. The degree of acidification is higher in UAF reactor (31%) compared to UASB reactor (18%) at 2 h hydraulic retention time (HRT) in the anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewaters. T...
Anaerobic treatment of synthetic textile wastewater containing a reactive azo dye
Sen, S; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2003-07-01)
In this study, anaerobic treatment of synthetic textile wastewater containing a reactive azo dye, namely, Remazol Brilliant Violet 5R, was investigated. A fluidized bed reactor (FBR) was used in the study. Before the operation period, start-up of the FBR was completed in 128 days with an immobilized microorganism level of 0.069 g volatile suspended solids per g support material (pumice). Anaerobic treatment of synthetic textile wastewater revealed that 300 mg/L dye was removed in the FBR system. Chemical ox...
Environmentally friendly copper electroplating process development
Ülgüdür, Nilüfer; İmamoğlu, İpek; Department of Environmental Engineering (2013)
Electroplating is the deposition of a metal by applying electrical current in the presence of an electrolyte. Electroplating industry creates wastes that are heavy metal containing, highly conductive, strongly acidic/alkaline in composition. Many industries are now enforced to prevent their wastes from being formed via pollution prevention guidelines. It is both economically and environmentally more advantageous to consider pollution prevention before establishment of a process. In this study, waste minimiz...
Evaluation of PCB dechlorination pathways in anaerobic sediment microcosms using an anaerobic dechlorination model
Demirtepe, Hale; Kjellerup, Birthe; Sowers, Kevin R.; İmamoğlu, İpek (Elsevier BV, 2015-10-15)
A detailed quantitative analysis of anaerobic dechlorination (AD) pathways of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in sediment microcosms was performed by applying an anaerobic dechlorination model (ADM). The purpose of ADM is to systematically analyze changes in a contaminant profile that result from microbial reductive dechlorination according to empirically determined dechlorination pathways. In contrast to prior studies that utilized modeling tools to predict dechlorination pathways, ADM also provides quant...
Design and production of a dissimilar channel angular pressing system to obtain high strength aluminum alloy sheets
Uzunçakmak, Göktürk Emre; Gür, Cemil Hakan; Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering (2009)
The aim of this thesis work is to design and manufacture a Dissimilar Channel Angular Pressing (DCAP) system for severe plastic deformation of aluminum alloy sheets in order to obtain ultra-fine grained structure. First, a DCAP system was designed by Finite Element Analysis and constructed after various optimization trials. Next, 6061-T0 aluminum alloy plates were severely deformed by various DCAP passes through the system. The samples were characterized by metallography, X-ray diffraction, tension and hard...
Citation Formats
C. Varol, “Caustic recovery from highly alkaline denim mercerizing wastewaters using membrane technology,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.