Teaching / forming / framing a scientifically oriented architecture in Turkey between 1956 - 1982

Akış, Tonguç
This study examines the movement of creating the scientifically oriented architecture that influenced architectural scholarship especially in 1960s and 1970s and discusses various theoretical frameworks this movement rests on. Architectural studies of the said period display rationalistic approaches motivated towards the routinisation, institutionalization and socialization in architecture, and thus an attempt to shift the discipline to scientific grounds. These studies not only develop plurality in academic realm of architecture, but also pave the way for a spectrum of more autonomous and novel areas of research and knowledge. The movement in Turkey, however parallel to its international popularity, is coincidentally strong between the years 1956 and 1982 befitting the social agenda of the country. The thesis is limited in scope to the definitions and relationships between five dominant approaches in the movement. These approaches are identified as, Design Methods, Environmental Psychology, Building Technology, Social and Cultural Factors and Vernacular Architecture. General Systems Theory emerges as a key reference in this scope. The study initially emphasises the positions of approaches in Turkey with relation to the international context and thus defines a ground for the discussions in the dissertation. The main discussion of the thesis is with regards to the notions of space and environment within the movement. Architectural studies with these notions extend the focus of design and research in terms social and cultural perspectives. The notions, not only define the plurality in the architectural sciences due to the multiplicity of dimensions they entail, but also constitute a bridge between the architectural studies and the social sciences. Moreover, the conceptions and examination methods for the terms of space and environment changes the traditional role of the scholar as designer into facilitator and researcher. The thesis examines the attempts of teaching, forming and framing the scientific architecture in two different venues, namely inside the studio and outside the studio. Inside the studio, design activity introduces systematic approaches for understanding the design process. Outside the studio, architectural research introduces methodological approaches that extend the boundary of the studio.


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Citation Formats
T. Akış, “Teaching / forming / framing a scientifically oriented architecture in Turkey between 1956 - 1982,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2008.