Transformation of the Turkish welfare regime: the role of the individual pension system and its effect on women's welfare

Download
2008
Şahin, Şule
The aim of the thesis is to analyze the transformation of the Turkish welfare regime in the framework of the social security reforms and the effect of the individual pension system on both this transformation and women’s welfare considering the gender gap in retirement. While there is a growing literature on Turkey’s social security reform, there are only few studies on the gender dimension of social security and the gender effects of the reform. This study aims to contribute to this literature by examining the gender gap in recently introduced individual pension system (2003) in Turkey from a sociological perspective. The literature review focuses mainly on Esping-Andersen’s welfare regime typology and its critics to categorize the current welfare regime of Turkey. The Southern European welfare regimes are examined particularly to construct a theoretical framework for the Turkish welfare regime and its transformation. Furthermore, the literature on gender inequality and social security is examined to discuss the gender gap in private pension systems. This thesis based upon some statistical and actuarial analyses to explore the gender gap. By using ‘actual data’ the effects of some sociodemographic and socio-economic factors on the participation and the contribution rate to the individual pension system are examined. Besides, gender gap in benefits that arise from the defined contribution schemes in a serious of projection using a stochastic actuarial model is analyzed. The study is supported by the interviews made with three experts and decision makers about these issues.

Suggestions

An overlapping generations analysis of social security reform in Turkey
Değer, Çağacan; Voyvoda, Ebru; Department of Economics (2011)
The aim of this study is to analyse the impacts of the social security system reform performed in Turkey within the first decade of the 2000s. Specifically, the effects of the parametric changes brought about by the reform in the retirement system are investigated. For the stated purpose, a 30-period overlapping generations (OLG) model has been constructed and a parametric social security system reform has been implemented within the constructed model. The results show that the reform causes increases in the d...
A Critical analysis of the transformation of the social security system in Turkey in the context of new constitutionalism and Europeanizatiion
Çampınarı, Duygu; Yalman, Osman Galip; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2012)
From the 1980s onwards, there has been a general transformation in social policy in line with the transformation of the welfare state worldwide. While the neoliberal restructuring of capital and the state has initiated this transformation in the 1980s, neoliberal globalization and competitiveness pressures upon the competition states have accelerated this process through necessitating the reordering of priorities around policies that pursue market ascendancy. As a result, the international governance framew...
From gender equality to gender justice : a critical discourse analysis in terms of gender equality in Turkey
Baba, Elif; Ecevit, Fatma Yıldız; Department of Gender and Women's Studies (2019)
The study focuses on the shift in the axis of women's policies from gender equality to gender justice within the last years in Turkey. Gender justice is the reflection of the miscellaneous transformation policy of the neoconservative discourse on women's issues. The study demonstrates that gender justice is designed by the neoconservative discourse to eliminate the role of gender equality on women's policies, by its distortion. Lacking a theoretical background or an effective argument, gender justice reprod...
Transformation of the State and Class Relations: Furthering Authoritarianism in Turkey
Topal Yılmaz, Aylin (null; 2017-11-09)
This paper aims to contribute to the debate on the transformation of state in different historically specific contexts by problematising the concept of authoritarian neoliberalism. It intends to do so by exploring the reorganisation of social forces and transformation of state power within an authoritarian state form as exemplified by the case of Turkey. It will also attempt to refresh class analysis in order to develop a better understanding of different modalities of reproduction of labour quite often wit...
The Individual Pension System In Turkey: A Gendered Perspective
Rittersberger, Helga İda; Elveren, Adem Yavuz (2011-02-01)
The changing role of women both within family and in the labour market is one of the most crucial issues of constructing a new social policy in our century. In line with neo-liberal developments, private pension schemes have reached higher proportions in social security systems all over the world. However, it is a fact that disadvantages of women (i.e. lower level of wage, intermittent work life, and higher life expectancy) have negative consequences on private pension...
Citation Formats
Ş. Şahin, “Transformation of the Turkish welfare regime: the role of the individual pension system and its effect on women’s welfare,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.