Transformation of the Turkish welfare regime: the role of the individual pension system and its effect on women's welfare

Şahin, Şule
The aim of the thesis is to analyze the transformation of the Turkish welfare regime in the framework of the social security reforms and the effect of the individual pension system on both this transformation and women’s welfare considering the gender gap in retirement. While there is a growing literature on Turkey’s social security reform, there are only few studies on the gender dimension of social security and the gender effects of the reform. This study aims to contribute to this literature by examining the gender gap in recently introduced individual pension system (2003) in Turkey from a sociological perspective. The literature review focuses mainly on Esping-Andersen’s welfare regime typology and its critics to categorize the current welfare regime of Turkey. The Southern European welfare regimes are examined particularly to construct a theoretical framework for the Turkish welfare regime and its transformation. Furthermore, the literature on gender inequality and social security is examined to discuss the gender gap in private pension systems. This thesis based upon some statistical and actuarial analyses to explore the gender gap. By using ‘actual data’ the effects of some sociodemographic and socio-economic factors on the participation and the contribution rate to the individual pension system are examined. Besides, gender gap in benefits that arise from the defined contribution schemes in a serious of projection using a stochastic actuarial model is analyzed. The study is supported by the interviews made with three experts and decision makers about these issues.


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This study aims to explore the dynamics behind the emergence and expansion of working street children since 1990s in Turkey and Romania, in the context of New Poverty. Poverty is not a new concept, it is a dynamic process, accommodating to new circumstances, its scope shrinking from time to time, but surviving ages. Children, on the other hand, are among the groups that are first and foremost affected from the course of poverty. Nevertheless, working street children is a new notion different from traditiona...
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The aim of this study is to analyse the impacts of the social security system reform performed in Turkey within the first decade of the 2000s. Specifically, the effects of the parametric changes brought about by the reform in the retirement system are investigated. For the stated purpose, a 30-period overlapping generations (OLG) model has been constructed and a parametric social security system reform has been implemented within the constructed model. The results show that the reform causes increases in the d...
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Citation Formats
Ş. Şahin, “Transformation of the Turkish welfare regime: the role of the individual pension system and its effect on women’s welfare,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.