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Synthesis and characterization of polypyrrole nanoparticles and their nanocomposites with polypropylene

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2009
Baytekin, Sevil
Conducting polypyrrole (PPy) nanoparticles were synthesized via microemulsion polymerization system. The characterization of PPy nanoparticles was done by Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Nanocomposites were prepared by melt-mixing of polypyrrole with polypropylene (PP) and processed with injection molding. The amount of PPy in nanocomposites varied in the range of 1-20% by weight. The effect of PPy nanoparticles on mechanical, electrical properties and thermal stability of nanocomposites were investigated. Tensile test has revealed that increasing amount of PPy increased the strength and the stiffness of the nanocomposite while limiting the elongation of PP. Thermal gravimetric analysis has showed that incorporation of PPy nanoparticles has improved the thermal stability of the nanocomposites. Four probe conductivity measurement has exhibited that increasing amount of PPy nanoparticles increases the conductivity of nonconductive PP up to 2,4.10-4 Scm-1. In order to improve the dispersion of PPy in PP, sodium dodecylsulphate was used as dispersant. The same techniques were used to characterize nanocomposites containing 2% by weight dispersant. Composites prepared with dispersant have exhibited improvement in some mechanical and thermal properties and involved smaller dimension PPy nanoparticles