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Thermoresponsive smart polymeric cell carriers of pnipan and elp for bone tissue engineering

Öztürk, Nihan
This study was aimed at designing a cell carrier from an intelligent polymer to achieve loading of mechanical stress for the purpose of improving the tissue engineering capability in vitro. Ethyleneglycoldimethacrylate (EGDMA) crosslinked poly(Nisopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAM) films were prepared by radical polymerization with ultraviolet light (UV) in the presence of photoinitiator 2,2'-azoisobutyronitrile (AIBN) in isopropanol/water (1:1). Patterns were formed on the surface of the polymers by using silicon wafers with microridges (2 μm) and grooves (10 μm) that were prepared by photolithography technique as the template. The surfaces of the films were also modified by adsorption of ELP-RGD6 polypeptide. Bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) isolated from 6 week old Sprague-Dawley rats were seeded onto the pNIPAM films with different surface topography and chemistry and cultured under static and dynamic conditions. Dynamic conditions were generated by cyclic temperature changes (15 min at 29°C, 30 min at 37°C) for 10 times a day during 5 days starting on the second day post-cell seeding. ELP-RGD6 on the films enhanced initial cell attachment but had no effect on proliferation in long term culturing. However, for the dynamic culturing, ELP was crucial for both retaining cells attached on the surface when the surface became hydrophilic and resulted in weakened cell attachment, and for better communication between cell and material which enhanced the ability of pNIPAM films to transfer mechanical stress on the cells. Dynamic conditions improved cell proliferation but decreased differentiation. Presence of the patterns also influenced the differentiation but did not affected proliferation.