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Evaporate mapping in Bala region (Ankara) by remote sensing techniques

Öztan, Nihat Serkan
Evaporate minerals were very important raw materials in very different and broad industries for years. Since gypsum became important raw material especially in construction industry as plaster, demand to these minerals rises each following year. The aim of this thesis is to map out these industrial raw materials by using remote sensing techniques. Ankara Bala region has very rich Gypsum sites and this region is showed as one of the best gypsum potential sites of Turkey according to the studies of MTA so that this area is selected for the usage of remotely sensed data. For the remote sensing analyses ASTER images which have high spatial and spectral resolution are used. The analyses are applied using PCI Geomatica software and ARCGIS software is used for mapping purposes. Band ratio, decorrelation stretch, principal component analysis and thermal indices are used in order to map gypsum minerals. For gypsum minerals previously known Crosta method is modified and by the selection of suitable bands and principle components, gypsum minerals are tried to map and it is seen that it has a high success. For TIR indices previously known Quartz index is modified as Sulfate index and used for gypsum mapping. For relative accuracy all the results are add, percentages of the results are estimated. According to results; 288 km2 area is mapped as gypsum with the total of four methods but it is seen that only 8 km2 is found by every methods. According to these percentages modified Crosta method and Sulfate Index methods are showed the highest success.