An analysis of turkish sign language (tid) phonology and morphology

Kubuş, Okan
This thesis examines the phonology and morphology of Turkish Sign Language (TİD). TİD, being considered a full-fledged language, has a rich phonological and morphological system, as other sign and spoken languages do. For the purpose of this thesis; empirical data have been collected by means of a corpus study and various data elicitation tasks. As a main result of my study of TİD phonology, I propose a complete inventory of handshapes as well as a set of unmarked handshapes which are unique to TİD. I discuss the interaction between TİD finger-spelling and TİD phonology showing that well-formedness conditions constrain the use of finger-spelled letters in lexical signs I also discuss psycholinguistic evidence that sign languages have phonological systems, among them phonological effects on working memory and slips of the hand In the domain of TİD morphology, I investigate the three main morphological processes: inflection, derivation and compounding. Verb classification, plural properties, compounding, and reciprocals in TİD are investigated in detail. I argue that some TİD reciprocals use “reciprocal neutral signing space” whereby agreement becomes neutralized. TİD makes wide use of classifier constructions as for plural marking and for expressing movements of various human and non-human agents. The thesis indicates that TİD has its own grammar, including rich and diverse systems of phonology, morphology, and classification. Thus, TİD may have had a long historical development. The comparison between TİD and other sign languages shows that TİD has exclusive linguistic properties. The comparison of TİD as a visual-gestural system and Turkish as an auditory-vocal system helps to better understand the impact of modality on language phonology and morphology.


The analysis of contrastive discourse connectives in Turkish
Zeydan, Sultan; Zeyrek Bozşahin, Deniz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2008)
This thesis is a descriptive study of four contrastive discourse connectives in Turkish. The main aim of this study is to analyze the connectives with respect to their meaning and predicate-argument structure and lay out the similarities and differences among contrastive discourse connectives with the help of quantitative analysis. Although the study is limited with contrastive connectives, it will have implications on how to resolve discourse structure in general and illustrate how lexico-syntactic element...
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Özoran, Dinçer; Hohenberger, Annette Edeltraud; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2009)
For the first time a representative Theory of Mind (ToM) scale (Wellman & Liu, 2004) has been cast into three different linguistic forms in order to show the impact of evidential markers on ToM understanding. With Turkish children, we studied (i) a control form without explicit evidential markers, as conducted by Bayramoğlu & Hohenberger (2007), (ii) a verbal form with –DI (marking factuality in the past ) and (iii) a verbal form with –MIS (marking hearsay in the past). To predict ToM performance of childre...
Aspects of control and complementation in Turkish
Yasavul, Şevket Murat; Bozşahin, Hüseyin Cem; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2009)
This thesis investigates fundamental questions surrounding the phenomenon of control, with an emphasis on control in Turkish, as well as the behaviour of control verbs in non-infinitival environments, which have received little attention previously. I focus solely on the cases of obligatory control (OC) which constitute the only kind of control that is conditioned by the matrix verb alone. This approach is couched in Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) where the control verb projects the necessary syntacti...
Grammatical relations and word order ın Turkish Sign Language (TİD)
Sevinç, Ayça Müge; Bozşahin, Hüseyin Cem; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2006)
This thesis aims at investigating the grammatical relations in Turkish Sign Language (TİD). For this aim, word order, nominal morphology, and agreement morphology of verbs are examined. TİD lacks morphological case, but it has a very rich pronominal system like other sign languages. Verbs are classified according to their morphosyntactic features. With this classification, we can observe the effect of word order and agreement morphology on the grammatical relations. Combinatory Categorial Grammar as a lexic...
Connective position, argument order and ınformation structure of discourse connectives in written turkish texts
Demirşahin, Işın; Bozşahin, Hüseyin Cem; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2008)
A text is a linguistic structure that is more than a random collection of sentences. A text is cohesive (Halliday & Hasan, 1976) and coherent (Mann & Thompson, 1987, 1988). Mainly ignored in the field of linguistics until recently, the text and the discourse structure have been inquired from various points of view (Asher, 1993; Asher & Lascarides, 1998; Grosz & Sidner, 1986; Mann & Thompson, 1987, 1988; Webber, 2004). D-LTAG is a discourse grammar work that extends a lexicalized sentence level grammar LTAG ...
Citation Formats
O. Kubuş, “An analysis of turkish sign language (tid) phonology and morphology,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.