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The individual up against an irrational and cruel social system in edward bond's works: saved, lear, red,black and ignorant and tin can people

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2008
Örmengül, Seda
This thesis analyzes the relationship between the capitalist system and the individual in Edward Bond’s plays, Saved, Lear, Red, Black and Ignorant and The Tin Can People. Bond argues that the capitalist system is irrational and cruel since it violates the individual’s inherent right to freedom, to dignity and to the pursuit of happiness. The capitalist system in Bond’s mind shares some certain features with Karl Marx’s analysis of the capitalists system. These features are the class conflict, inequality and inhumanity. The study aims to detect these features in the aforesaid four plays. Also, the study focuses on the function of social institutions in the plays. According to Edward Bond, social institutions in the capitalist system contribute to the continuation of the system because they preserve the interests of the ruling class, and induce injustice. The capitalist system and its institutions create alienated and dehumanized individuals. Individuals’ certain existential needs are not fulfilled in the capitalist system. In Erich Fromm’s theory, the existential needs of individuals presented in Bond’s plays are a frame of orientation and devotion, rootedness, and effectiveness. This study will show that these needs are denied within the given systems. As a result, Bondian characters develop some defensive strategies in order to be able to survive; they turn to violence, comply with the system or revolt against the system.