Strengthening of reinforced concrete frames by custom shaped high strength concrete masonry blocks

Arslan, Güray
Located on one of the highly active seismic fault systems in the world, the building stock in Turkey is mainly composed of reinforced concrete frames with 4-5 stories. Due to design and construction deficiencies resulting from the use of unqualified personnel and insufficient supervision, many of these buildings lack lateral stiffness, ductility and strength. For many structures, there is a need to alleviate these deficiencies by means of some rehabilitation techniques prior to earthquakes. One approach also used very widely in Turkey is to fill some of the frame bays by cast-in-place R/C panels. The procedure appears to be very practical at first glance. It also appears to be very economical as far as the production of the panels is concerned. However, the production phase is slow, dirty, destructive and disruptive to occupants. Moreover, it requires relatively skilled personnel and special equipment. Therefore, the real life experience shows that the actual cost in practice is much higher when all other hidden costs are taken into account. The aim of this experimental study is to explore the potential of using infill walls made of custom shaped and high strength concrete blocks as a simpler and more practical alternative to cast-in-place R/C panels to increase the lateral load bearing capacity of frame structures. The effectiveness of FRCM (Fiber Reinforced Cementitous Matrix) system on damaged structures is also investigated in this study.


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Özkök, Mustafa Emre; Binici, Barış; Department of Civil Engineering (2010)
There is a large building stock in seismic regions of Turkey that require seismic upgrades. In order to minimize the disturbance to occupants and not to intervene with the functioning of the building, external strengthening methods can be preferred among different alternatives. This study reports the experimental findings on the upgrading of deficient reinforced concrete frames with external installed structural components. Specimens strengthened with an externally reinforced concrete shear wall, external s...
Citation Formats
G. Arslan, “Strengthening of reinforced concrete frames by custom shaped high strength concrete masonry blocks,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.