Aspects of control and complementation in Turkish

Download
2009
Yasavul, Şevket Murat
This thesis investigates fundamental questions surrounding the phenomenon of control, with an emphasis on control in Turkish, as well as the behaviour of control verbs in non-infinitival environments, which have received little attention previously. I focus solely on the cases of obligatory control (OC) which constitute the only kind of control that is conditioned by the matrix verb alone. This approach is couched in Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) where the control verb projects the necessary syntactic and semantic information. In particular, I argue that the control behaviour is an entailment associated with the verb itself, and that variable, split and partial control are instances of OC. Hence, no special mechanism/structure is needed to account for their interpretation. As to the syntactic and semantic status of the complement, I maintain that the complement is a bare VP in syntax and denotes a property in semantics. Building upon the conclusions reached about OC, I attempt to account for additional complementation patterns of OC verbs. I argue that here too the matrix verb has a crucial role in ruling in and out possible complement types. Finally, I note that control involves much more than just figuring out the reference of the “unexpressed” subject of the complement, and I furthermore propose that the additional frames of an OC verb provide important clues as to its lexical meaning

Suggestions

The analysis of contrastive discourse connectives in Turkish
Zeydan, Sultan; Zeyrek Bozşahin, Deniz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2008)
This thesis is a descriptive study of four contrastive discourse connectives in Turkish. The main aim of this study is to analyze the connectives with respect to their meaning and predicate-argument structure and lay out the similarities and differences among contrastive discourse connectives with the help of quantitative analysis. Although the study is limited with contrastive connectives, it will have implications on how to resolve discourse structure in general and illustrate how lexico-syntactic element...
Intonation structure and intonation in Svo and Ovs sentences in spoken Russian
Ghinda, Elena; Zeyrek Bozşahin, Deniz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2010)
The purpose of this thesis is to examine the difference between SVO and OVS sentences in spoken Russian, which is a language with flexible word order although the basic order is SVO. Two experiments were conducted to understand the nature of intonation. Experiment 1 shows that the Subject appears as kontrast in OVS sentences, and as background in SVO sentences. The F0 curve rises in the Object position when the Subject is kontrast in OVS sentences. The analysis of the results of Experiment 2 shows that the ...
An analysis of turkish sign language (tid) phonology and morphology
Kubuş, Okan; Hohenberger, Annette Edeltraud; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2008)
This thesis examines the phonology and morphology of Turkish Sign Language (TİD). TİD, being considered a full-fledged language, has a rich phonological and morphological system, as other sign and spoken languages do. For the purpose of this thesis; empirical data have been collected by means of a corpus study and various data elicitation tasks. As a main result of my study of TİD phonology, I propose a complete inventory of handshapes as well as a set of unmarked handshapes which are unique to TİD. I discu...
Disfluency in second language: a study of Turkish speaker of English
Vural, Erkan; Zeyrek Bozşahin, Deniz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2008)
The purpose of this study is to investigate disfluency and gesture in the second language under specific conditions such as familiarity vs. non-familiarity, concrete topic type vs. abstract topic type and speaking with native speaker vs. speaker with non-native speaker. The sample of this study was sixteen students from the Department of Basic English in Middle East Technical University (DBE), three instructors from DBE and one instructor from Modern Language Department in Middle East Technical University. ...
An Experimental study on abstract anaphora resolution in Turkish written discourse
Ergin Somer, Rabiye; Zeyrek Bozşahin, Deniz; Acartürk, Cengiz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2012)
This thesis provides an experimental approach to abstract anaphora resolution in Turkish written discourse. The core of this work consists of identifying various manifestations of abstract anaphoric expressions –bu vs. bu durum, bu olay, bu iş, bu gerçek (bu as the bare abstract object anaphor vs. bu+label abstract anaphors)- in Turkish discourse, and investigating whether any difference is observed in their processing. To this end, two offline experiments are conducted with human subjects, and the results ...
Citation Formats
Ş. M. Yasavul, “Aspects of control and complementation in Turkish,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.