The use of verbal morphology in Turkish as a third language: The case of Russian-English-Turkish trilinguals

Antonova-Unlu, Elena
Sağın Şimşek, Sultan Çiğdem
Aims and Objectives: Several studies suggest that third language acquisition (TLA) is marked with complex patterns of language interaction. However, it is not clear yet to what extent multilinguals activate each of their background languages in TLA, as various factors may trigger the activation of one of the previously learnt languages. This study aims to contribute to the discussion by examining the use of verbal morphology in third language (L3) Turkish of Russian-English-Turkish trilinguals. We investigate whether the use of verbal morphology in L3 Turkish of Russian-English-Turkish trilinguals differs from that of Turkish native speakers and in the case of a deviation, which of the background languages can account for it.


The processing of morphologically complex words in a specific speaker group A masked-priming study with Turkish heritage speakers
Jacob, Gunnar; Kırkıcı, Bilal (John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016-01-01)
The present study investigates to what extent morphological priming varies across different groups of native speakers of a language. In two masked-priming experiments, we investigate the processing of morphologically complex Turkish words in Turkish heritage speakers raised and living in Germany. Materials and experimental design were based on Kirkici and Clahsen's (2013) study on morphological processing in Turkish native speakers and L2 learners, allowing for direct comparisons between the three groups. E...
An investigation of incidental vocabulary acquisition in relation to learner proficiency level and word frequency
Tekmen, E. Anne Ferrell; Daloğlu, Ayşegül (Wiley, 2006-06-01)
This study examined the relationship between learners' incidental vocabulary acquisition and their level of proficiency, and between acquisition and word frequency in a text. Participants were Turkish learners of English at three proficiency levels. One reading text and four vocabulary tests were administered over a two-week period. Analyses of the data revealed that lexical gains from reading were significant for each group (p < .05). The higher proficiency groups were able to acquire more words than lower...
The influence of early monolingual dictionaries and word lists on the standardisation of English spelling
Sönmez, Margaret Jeanne M. (Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2001-01-01)
This paper aims to ascertain as precisely as possible what direct influence the early monolingual word lists and dictionaries may have had on the standardisation of English spelling. It is based upon research in which a quantitative analysis of the spellings of lemmas from the nine earliest published such lists and dictionaries was made and followed by a comparison of these lemmas and their spellings with the spellings from a manuscript and printed text of appropriate date. These word lists and dictionaries...
The syntax of relative clauses in Croatian
Gracanın Yüksek, Martına (Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2013-01-01)
In this paper, I propose that Croatian relative clauses (RCs) introduced by the complementizer to 'what/that' do not form a homogeneous class with respect to their derivation: some are derived by movement, and some are derived by a non-movement strategy. Unless the relativized element is the subject, sto-RCs normally require a resumptive pronoun to appear in the site of relativization. However, this requirement is removed under morphological case matching between the head of the RC and the resumptive pronou...
The discourse connector list: a multi-genre cross-cultural corpus analysis
Kalajahi, Seyed Ali Rezvani; Abdullah, Ain Nadzimah; Neufeld, Steve (Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2017-05-01)
This study examines the linguistic feature known as discourse connector using a corpus-informed approach. The study applies a taxonomy which classifies and describes 632 discourse connectors in eight broad classes with 17 categories. The frequency of use of each discourse connector listed was analyzed in the three different registers of spoken, non-academic and academic English in the two different cultural contexts of British and American English. The resulting data on discourse connector frequency were co...
Citation Formats
E. Antonova-Unlu and S. Ç. Sağın Şimşek, “The use of verbal morphology in Turkish as a third language: The case of Russian-English-Turkish trilinguals,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BILINGUALISM, pp. 347–362, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: