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Realization of neutral state green polymeric materials

Durmuş, Asuman
Polymeric electrochromic materials that has as one of the three complementary colors (red, green, and blue) in the neutral form and become transparent via oxidation (or reduction), has a crucial importance towards use of these materials in electrochromic devices and displays. To reflect red or blue color in neutral state, the materials have to absorb at only one dominant wavelength. On the contrary, to have a green color, there should exist at least two simultaneous absorption bands in the red and blue regions of the visible spectrum where these bands should be controlled with the same applied potential. The transmissivity in the oxidized state is significantly important in addition to the neutral state color of the polymer. The optical contrast between the states is the decisive point for use of these materials for many electrochromic applications, especially as smart windows and displays. Hence, the material should possess two absorption bands with definite maximum points, and upon oxidation these bands should simultaneously vanish to have a transmissive state. A donor–acceptor approach can be utilized to solve this puzzle. It has been shown that insertion of alternating donor–acceptor units on the polymer backbone leads to a significant decrease in band gap due to the increased double bond character in the structure. In this study novel donor-acceptor type polymers were synthesized, and electrochromic properties were investigated in detail. PBDT is the first green electrochromic material which has a highly transmissive sky blue oxidized state. PDETQ was shown to be one of the few examples of neutral state green polymeric materials in literature. PDEQ has a bluish green color in the neutral state and a highly transmissive light blue oxidized state.