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Modeling and simulation of shaped charges

Gürel, Eser
Shaped charges are explosive devices with a high penetration capability and are used for both civilian and military purposes. In civilian applications shaped charge devices are used in demolition works, oil drilling and mining. In the military applications, shaped charges are used against different kinds of armors, primarily as anti-tank devices. This thesis work involves the modeling and simulation of shaped charge devices, with the focus being on anti-tank warhead design. Both numerical simulation and analytical calculation methods are used to predict shaped charge performance; in the aspects of jet formation, breakup and penetration. The results are compared within themselves and with the data available in the literature. AUTODYN software is used for the numerical simulations. Different solver and modeling alternatives of AUTODYN are evaluated for jet formation and penetration problems. AUTODYN’s Euler solver is used to understand how the jet formation is affected by the mesh size and shape and the presence of air as the surrounding medium. Jetting option in the AUTODYN-Euler simulations are used to simulate jet formation as an alternative to simulations performed using AUTODYN’s Euler solver. In the jetting option liner elements are modeled as Lagrangian shell elements, rather than Eulerian elements. Analytical codes are written to study the jet formation, breakup and penetration processes. Many alternative formulas that can be used in the analytical calculations are listed and discussed. Parameters of these formulas are varied to investigate their effects on the results. Necessary constants for the analytical formulas are obtained using the results of AUTODYN simulations.