Synthesis and characterization of lithium triborate by different synthesis methods and their thermoluminescent properties

Depci, Tolga
Lithium triborate, (LiB3O5), is a technologically important material for diverse applications, such as nonlinear optical materials and surface acoustic wave devices or, etc. Furthermore, it is suggested as an efficient thermoluminescent material. LiB3O5, suitable to dosimetric usage, was produced by different synthesis methods which were high temperature solid state reaction, microwave solid state reaction, microwave assisted high temperature solid state reaction and precipitation assisted high temperature solid state reaction. After the synthesis, metal oxides were doped into LiB3O5 to enhance its thermoluminescent properties. Identification and characteristics of LiB3O5 were determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infra red (FTIR) analyses, Differential Thermal Analyses (DTA), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Particle Size Analyzer. The glow curves were obtained by using thermoluminescent (TL) reader. Among four different synthesis methods applied, high temperature solid state method needs very high temperatures and long duration of heating. Therefore, the effect of the reaction temperature, the time intervals, and also starting materials on production of LiB3O5 were investigated. Characterization studies indicated that LiB3O5 could be produced at 710 °C for 4 hours. Among the starting materials used, Li2CO3 and H3BO3 combination was found the most suitable for the synthesis of LiB3O5 considering phase impurity as well as cost. LiB3O5 synthesized by microwave energy was unsuccessful. However, LiB3O5 could be synthesized by microwave assisted synthesis method by adding distilled water, urea and sucrose separately as thermal auxiliaries in microwave pre-heating step. The use of microwave and conventional ovens subsequently shortened the duration of heating. The crystallinity of LiB3O5 was the best in 40 % sucrose addition to initial mixture. The best method for synthesis of LiB3O5 has been found as precipitation assisted high temperature solid state method. This method yields LiB3O5 with higher phase purity as compared to these produced by other methods applied in this thesis and reported in the literature. It seems to be rather attractive since it is simple and needs less energy. Rare earth metal oxides, CuO and Al2O3 were added to LiB3O5 as activators to improve its TL properties. LiB3O5 synthesized by precipitation assisted high temperature solid state reaction and doped by 5 % wt Al2O3 showed the best TL property. Its main dosimetric characteristics revealed that LiB3O5 seemed to be suitable to medical and radiotherapy applications, since it was non-toxic, tissue equivalent, and chemically inert to body fluids.


Synthesis of rare-earth doped lithium triborate
Ardıçoğlu, Burcu; Özbayoğlu, Gülhan; Department of Mining Engineering (2005)
Research in the field of non-linear optical (NLO) devices lead to an increasing interest in new borate compounds, capable of expanding the frequency range provided by common laser sources. Lithium triborate (LBO) is a newly developed ideal non-linear optical crystal used in laser weapon, welder, radar, tracker, surgery, communication, etc. Borates containing rare-earth elements are of great interest since they are found to be superior in non-linear optical applications. In this study, synthesis and identifi...
Transmission and propagation properties of novel metamaterials
Şahin, Levent; Sayan, Gönül; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2009)
Metamaterials attracted significant attention in recent years due to their potential to create novel devices that exhibit specific electromagnetic properties. In this thesis, we investigated transmission and propagation properties of novel metamaterial structures. Electromagnetic properties of metamaterials are characterized and the resonance mechanism of Split Ring Resonator (SRR) structure is investigated. Furthermore, a recent lefthanded metamaterial structure for microwave regime called Fishnet-type met...
The electrical characteristics of antennas in their operational environment
Afacan, Gönenç; Tuncay, Birand; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2007)
This thesis investigates the variations of electrical properties of linear antennas mounted on certain platforms, depending on the physical properties of that platform. In this respect, related basic antenna simulations, electromagnetic simulations from primitive to complex models of airframes, and scale model measurements were used. Firstly, electrical properties of monopoles at known environment were examined and basic analyses were performed via an electromagnetic simulation tool, named CST Microwave Stu...
Modelling and noise analysis of closed-loop capacitive sigma-delta mems accelerometer
Boğa, Biter; Külah, Haluk; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2009)
This thesis presents a detailed SIMULINK model for a conventional capacitive Σ-Δ accelerometer system consisting of a MEMS accelerometer, closed-loop readout electronics, and signal processing units (e.g. decimation filters). By using this model, it is possible to estimate the performance of the full accelerometer system including individual noise components, operation range, open loop sensitivity, scale factor, etc. The developed model has been verified through test results using a capacitive MEMS accelero...
Development of a large area germanium on insulator platform by liquid phase epitaxy
Özyurt, Zişan İrem; Yerci, Selçuk; Department of Micro and Nanotechnology (2017)
Germanium is a group IV element compatible with CMOS (Complementary metal oxide semiconductor) fabrication technology and advantageous over silicon by having smaller band gap and higher carrier mobility, which provide infrared photodetectors and high-speed transistors respectively. In addition, by having direct band gap, strained-Ge enables fabrication of infrared lasers. Finally, thanks to lattice-matching, Ge layers on Si can also be used as virtual substrates for the growth of III-V compounds on Si. In o...
Citation Formats
T. Depci, “Synthesis and characterization of lithium triborate by different synthesis methods and their thermoluminescent properties,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2009.