Synthesis of rare-earth doped lithium triborate

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2005
Ardıçoğlu, Burcu
Research in the field of non-linear optical (NLO) devices lead to an increasing interest in new borate compounds, capable of expanding the frequency range provided by common laser sources. Lithium triborate (LBO) is a newly developed ideal non-linear optical crystal used in laser weapon, welder, radar, tracker, surgery, communication, etc. Borates containing rare-earth elements are of great interest since they are found to be superior in non-linear optical applications. In this study, synthesis and identification of rare-earth doped lithium triborate was carried out. Lithium triborate was produced from the solid-state reaction. LBO was then doped with some rare-earth elements (Gd, La, Y) in several different concentrations. Appropriate quantities of Li2CO3 and H3BO3, weighted separately, were mixed and finely powdered. Then, the mixture was heated at 750 ðC for 14 hrs. The expected reaction is given below. Li2CO3 + 6H3BO3 --> 2LiB3O5 + CO2 + 9H2O Prepared LiB3O5 and Gd2O3, La2O3 and Y2O3 samples were weighed separately at different concentrations and ground together. The mixture was then heated at 750 ðC for 7 hrs. Characterization of the new products was done by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Infrared (IR) analysis. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) was used for examination of the thermal properties of the compounds, morphology of new compounds was observed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The compounds are then subjected to thermoluminescence (TL) studies. From the XRD studies, no change in the LBO phase related to the addition of rareearth elements was observed. However, peaks of those elements were also become apparent. IR analysis showed that there is no change related to B-O link with the addition of rare earth elements. DTA studies showed that the melting point of LBO decreases with the addition of rare earth elements. In the SEM images, two phases

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Citation Formats
B. Ardıçoğlu, “Synthesis of rare-earth doped lithium triborate,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.