The investigation of srebp and c/ebp expression during global ischemia/reperfusion induced oxidative stress in rat brain cortex and cerebellum

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2009
Dağdeviren, Melih
Ischemic brain injury causes neurodegeneration. In this study, the mechanism of neurodegeneration was investigated by examining the role of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 (SREBP-1), CCAAT enhancer binding proteinβ (C/EBPβ), glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Carotid artery occlusion (CAO) plus hypotension was produced for 10 minutes. Control groups were sham operated. Animals were sacrificed after 24 hours, 1 week, 2 and 4 weeks of reperfusion periods. The expression of C/EBPβ and SREBP-1 in rat brain cortex and cerebellum were examined by western blotting. C/EBPβ expressions significantly increased in both cytosolic (1.19, 1.58 fold) and nuclear (1.73, 1.81 fold) extracts of brain cortex at 24 hours and 1 week CAO groups, respectively. In cerebellum, C/EBPβ expression significantly increased in 1 week, cytosolic (1.63 fold), and nuclear (1.35 fold) extracts. SREBP-1 expression increased significantly in both cytosolic (2.07 fold) and nuclear (1.41 fold) extracts of brain cortex in 1 week. SREBP-1 expression significantly increased in cytosolic (2.15 fold) and nuclear (1.79 fold) extracts of cerebellum in 1 week. There were no significant alterations in SREBP-1 C/EBPβ expressions for 2 and 4 weeks in both cytosolic and nuclear extracts of brain cortex and cerebellum. There were insignificant changes in GSH and GST levels in cortex. However, MDA and SOD levels significantly increased by 43.0 % and 47.3 %, respectively, in 24 hours. Our findings indicate that increase in SREBP-1 and C/EBPβ expressions may be related to oxidative stress during ischemic neurodegenerative processes.

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Citation Formats
M. Dağdeviren, “The investigation of srebp and c/ebp expression during global ischemia/reperfusion induced oxidative stress in rat brain cortex and cerebellum,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.