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Comparison of various svc topologies and control strategies for heavy industry

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2009
Yalvaç, Erdinç
Power quality issues of heavy industry, especially iron and steel plants, require special solutions. High levels of harmonic currents, unbalanced operation and light flicker arising from rapid fluctuations of active and reactive power demands are common problems in these plants. Almost all of these plants in Turkey are equipped with modern Static Var Compensator (SVC) Systems. In this thesis, alternative control strategies and flicker compensation system topologies are investigated and evaluated based on real-time field data and compared with the existing SVC systems. It is found out that the currently installed SVCs are not fully capable of solving the power quality issues of EAFs. This thesis is dedicated to detailed analysis, design, control, and simulation of TCR based SVC using instantaneous power theory, Three Phase Bridge Connected STATCOM and Delta Connected STATCOM. These 3 different types of compensators are modelled based on the similar installed capacities and their contribution to voltage quality and reactive power compensation are compared.