The effect of different impact exercise training on deformational behavior and functional adaptation of articular cartilage

Çelik, Özgür
The objective of the present study was to investigate deformational behavior and functional adaptation of articular cartilage by comparing the changes of biochemical osteoarthritis markers’ concentrations due to 30-min exercise after 12-weeks of regular high impact, impact or non-impact exercise. Blood samples were drawn from 44 healthy sedentary males immediately before, immediately after and 0.5 h after a 30-min moderate walking exercise. Osteoarthritis biomarkers’ (Serum COMP and CTX-I) concentrations were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. After the first measurements, participants were randomly assigned to running, cycling, swimming, and control groups. All groups except for control group trained for 12 weeks. After 12-weeks, post tests were applied. Multivariate tests indicated a significant fatigue and resting effect on serum COMP concentration in all groups at pre- and post-tests. Therefore, pair wise comparisons were conducted in order to assess the differences across all groups and conditions. Results indicated significant differences in post-test measurements among phases of groups except for running group. However, fatigue or resting did not change the concentration of serum CTX-I in any groups during the tests. According to results, moderate walking activity has an influence on the increase of serum COMP concentrations of young sedentary men. However, 12 weeks regular weight-bearing high impact physical exercise decreases the deformational effect of walking activity by functional adaptation of articular cartilage to specific environmental requirements.