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Seismic strengthening of masonry infilled r/c frames with steel fiber reinforcement

Sevil, Tuğçe
Seismic resistance of many buildings in Turkey is insufficient. Strengthening using R/C infills requires huge construction work. Feasible, easy strengthening techniques are being studied in Structural Mechanics Laboratory of METU. In this project, it was aimed to develop an economical strengthening method. This method is based on addition of steel fibers and/or PP fibers in mortar and application of mortar on masonry wall. Project was sponsored by the Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK). Physical properties of cement, aggregate, and mortar used in tests were determined by material tests. After performing flexural strength and compressive strength tests, optimum mortar was obtained. R/C frames strengthened by applying the mortar to brick infilled walls were tested under reversed cyclic loads. Before the frame tests, two series of panel tests were performed to correctly model strengthened infill walls and to gather information about behavior of walls under load. Totally 10 frame tests were done. 4 tests were done as reference tests, and other 6 were done as strengthened frame tests. In the analytical part of study, the plastered hollow brick infill wall strengthened by FRM was modeled as two separate compression struts. First strut was used to model the plastered hollow brick infill wall. Second strut was used to model the FRM. This technique is effective in improving seismic behavior by increasing strength, initial stiffness, energy dissipation, and ductility. Moreover, the method provides strengthening of the buildings without evacuating the structure.