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Qualitative behavior of solutions of dynamic equations on time scales

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2010
Mert, Raziye
In this thesis, the asymptotic behavior and oscillation of solutions of dynamic equations on time scales are studied. In the first part of the thesis, asymptotic equivalence and asymptotic equilibrium of dynamic systems are investigated. Sufficient conditions are established for the asymptotic equivalence of linear systems and linear and quasilinear systems, respectively, and for the asymptotic equilibrium of quasilinear systems by unifying and extending some known results for differential systems and difference systems to dynamic systems on arbitrary time scales. In particular, for the asymptotic equivalence of differential systems, the well-known theorems of Levinson and Yakubovich are improved and the well-known theorem of Wintner for the asymptotic equilibrium of linear differential systems is generalized to arbitrary time scales. Some of our results for asymptotic equilibrium are new even for difference systems. In the second part, the oscillation of solutions of a particular class of second order nonlinear delay dynamic equations and, more generally, two-dimensional nonlinear dynamic systems, including delay-dynamic systems, are discussed. Necessary and sufficient conditions are derived for the oscillation of solutions of nonlinear delay dynamic equations by extending some continuous results. Specifically, the classical theorems of Atkinson and Belohorec are generalized. Sufficient conditions are established for the oscillation of solutions of nonlinear dynamic systems by unifying and extending the corresponding continuous and discrete results. Particularly, the oscillation criteria of Atkinson, Belohorec, Waltman, and Hooker and Patula are generalized.