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Displacement-based seismic rehabilitation of non-ductile RC frames with added shear walls

Karageyik, Can
Non-ductile reinforced concrete frame buildings constitute an important part of the vulnerable buildings in seismic regions of the world. Collapse of non-ductile multi story concrete buildings during strong earthquakes in the past resulted in severe casualties and economic losses. Their rehabilitation through retrofitting is a critical issue in reducing seismic risks worldwide. A displacement-based retrofitting approach is presented in this study for seismic retrofitting of medium height non-ductile concrete frames. A minimum amount of shear walls are added for maintaining the deformation levels below the critical level dictated by the existing columns in the critical story, which is usually at the ground story. Detailing of shear walls are based on conforming to the reduced deformation demands of the retrofitted frame/wall system. Member-end rotations are employed as the response parameters for performance evaluation. Initial results obtained from the proposed displacement based approach have revealed that jacketing of columns and confining the end regions of added shear walls are usually unnecessary compared to the conventional force-based approach, where excessive force and deformation capacities are provided regardless of the actual deformation demands.