Amperometric microbial and enzymatic biosensors based on conducting polymers

Tunçagil, Sevinç
In this thesis, six different biosensors based on conducting polymers of poly 4-(2,5-di(thiophen-2-yl)-1H-pyrrole-1-l) benzenamine [poly(SNSNH2)] and poly(1- (4-nitrophenyl)-2,5-di(2-thienyl)-1H-pyrrole [poly(SNSNO2)] were prepared. Electrochemical technique was used for polymerization of conducting polymers and two different immobilization techniques; crosslinking and adsorption were used for immobilizing enzyme or microbial in the conducting polymer matrices. The proposed biosensors were characterized and optimized. Optimum pH, thickness of conducting polymer and biological material amount were determined. Linearity, repeatability and operational stability experiments were performed. Carbon nanotubes and gold nanoparticles were also added to the biosensing system to see the effects of nanoparticles. The biosensors also used for ethanol and/or glucose biosensing in commercial samples. In the first part of thesis, a biosensor was designed by immobilizing Gluconobacter oxydans in poly(SNSNH2) matrix on graphite electrode. The biosensor preparation method was a two-step procedure where the cells were immobilized by adsorption on the surface after the electropolymerization step.Use of dialysis membrane to cover the surface after immobilization conserves the bioactive surface during the operation. The preparation is simple and not time consuming. Systems proposed showed good linearity and repeatability as well as high operational stability. Glucose amount in fruit juice, ethanol amount in vodka and whisky were determined. In the second part of thesis, a second biosensor was designed with electrochemical polymerization of 1-(4-nitrophenyl)-2,5-di(2-thienyl)- 1H-pyrrole via cyclic voltammetry on graphite electrode. Afterwards, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Gluconobacter oxydans were immobilized successfully on the conducting polymer matrix separately. The proposed biosensors showed good linear range, and repeatability as well as high operational stability. In the third and fourth parts, gold nanoparticle and carbon nanotube effects were studied on poly(SNSNH2)/glucose oxidase biosensor, respectively. Covalent binding of glucose oxidase was achieved to poly(SNSNH2) by the help of glutaraldehyde on the top of graphite and carbon paste electrodes. Nanoparticle amount and optimum pH were determined for both biosensors. After analytical characterization, glucose amount in two fruit juices were determined with poly(SNSNH2)/GOx/AuNP and poly(SNSNH2)/ GOx/CNT biosensors. In the last part, biosensor was designed with immobilizing alcohol oxidase in poly(SNSNH2) matrix via crosslinking with glutaraldehyde on platinum electrode. The proposed biosensor was characterized and optimized in terms of thickness, enzyme loading, pH, AuNPs, CNTs, linear range, repeatability and operational stability.


Asymmetric synthesis of chiral camphor fused pyridine type novel organocatalysts
Küçükdişli, Murat; Tanyeli, Cihangir; Department of Chemistry (2009)
Chiral pyridines as organocatalysts have been used in asymmetric organic synthesis in recent years. The asymmetric synthesis of camphor fused pyridine type novel organocatalysts were perfomed starting from cheap and easily available natural (+)-camphor. Using camphor fused pyridine skeleton, six organocatalysts 29, 32, 33, 38, 40, and 41were successfully synthesized. The first four nucleophilic and Lewis base catalysts 29, 32, and 33 are different P-oxides and P,N-dioxides which were tested in allylation of...
Nano structural metal composites : synthesis, structural and thermal characterization
Kaleli, Kadir; Kayran İşçi, Ceyhan; Department of Chemistry (2008)
In this work , metal functional polymers, namely Cr-PS-b-P2VP, Co-PS-b-P2VP, Au-PS-b-P2VP, Fe-PS-b-P2VP and Mo-PS-b-P2VP were prepared by thermal reaction of hexacarbonylchromium, Cr(CO)6, octacarbonyldicobalt,Co2(CO)8, hydrogentetrachloroaurate(III), H(AuCl4).4H2O, trichloroiron(III), FeCl3.6H2O, molybdenum(VI)oxide, MoO3 and PS-b-P2VP. TEM images indicated formation of AuIII, Cr and Co nanoparticles. On the other hand, crystalline structures were detected for Fe-PS-b-P2VP and Mo-PS-b-P2VP. Samples involvi...
Immobilization of invertase on a conducting polymer of 1-(4-nitrophenyl)-2,5-di(2-thienyl)-1H-pyrrole
Tuncagil, Sevinc; Kiralp, Senem; Varls, Serhat; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Elsevier BV, 2008-03-01)
In this study, immobilization of invertase was achieved on a conducting polymer of 1-(4-nitrophenyl)-2,5-di(2-thienyl)-1H-pyrrole) (SNS (NO2)) via electrochemical polymerization. Kinetic parameters, maximum reaction rate (V-max) and substrate affinity (K-m), optimum temperature and pH, operational and storage stabilities of immobilized enzyme were determined.
Investigation of thermal characteristics of naphthoxazines and polynaphthoxazines via pyrolysis mass spectrometry
Koyuncu, Zeynep; Hacaloğlu, Jale; Department of Chemistry (2009)
In this study, polymerization mechanisms of aromatic (C6H5 or C6F5) and alkyl (CH3, C2H5, C3H7, C6H13, C12H25 or C18H37) amine based naphthoxazine monomers (15-Na, 15Na-C1, 15Na-C2, 15Na-C3, 15Na-C6, 15Na-C12 and 15Na-C18) and thermal degradation mechanisms of polynaphthoxazines synthesized by curing the naphthoxazine monomers (P-15-Na, P-15NaF, P-15Na-C1, P-15Na-C2, P-15Na-C3, P-15Na-C6, P-15Na-C12 and P-15Na-C18) were studied by direct pyrolysis mass spectrometry. During the curing process, the evolutions...
New, highly stable electrochromic polymers from 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene-bis-substituted quinoxalines toward green polymeric materials
Durmus, Asuman; Günbaş, Emrullah Görkem; Toppare, Levent Kamil (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2007-12-11)
Two new highly stable electrochromic polymers, poly(5,8-bis(2,3-dihydrothieno[3,4-b][1,4]dioxin-5-yl)-2,3-di(thiophen-2-yl)quinoxaline) (PDETQ) and poly (5,8-bis(2,3 -dihydrothieno[3,4-b][ 1,4]dioxin-5yl)quinoxaline) (PDEQ) were synthesized, and their potential use as neutral state green polymeric materials was investigated. Spectroelectrochemistry showed that both polymers reveal two distinct absorption bands as expected for this type of donor-acceptor polymer, at 410 and 660 nm for PDEQ and 405 and 780 nm...
Citation Formats
S. Tunçagil, “Amperometric microbial and enzymatic biosensors based on conducting polymers,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.