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Experimental investigation of an oil loss mechanism in internal combustion engines

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2010
Sezer, Ahmet
Oil loss mechanisms in internal combustion engines have been subject to many researches. By the help of technological developments effects of several problems due to oil losses were examined and tried to be reduced. Environmental pollution and performance loss are important issues that oil consumption in internal combustion engines contribute. In this study the effects of individual parameters on the oil accumulation in 2nd land crevice of internal combustion engines, volume between top compression rings, were investigated. The study aimed to investigate the effects of oil film thickness and oil film temperature on the oil accumulation in the 2nd land which contributes to one of the mechanisms of oil consumption in internal combustion engines. Controlled experiments were performed on a modeled piston cylinder assembly. It was seen that oil accumulated in the 2nd land crevice by blow-by gases was affected by the film thickness of lubricating oil and the temperature of the lubricating oil. The amount of oil accumulated increased with increasing oil film thickness. The results also showed that below oil film thickness of 45 μm; amount of oil accumulated increased with the increase of oil temperature.