Impacts of planning decisions in an earthquake vulnerable city: the case of Adapazarı

Bayhan, Fikret
Much emphasis has been given to the damages and loss experienced in the 1999 earthquakes with little research however on the social and administrative causes, and in particular on the consequences of malpractice of planning previous to the natural hazard. Reviewing the case of Adapazarı, the three succesive periods of plan making and implementation are critically investigated here to establish the extent that planning decisions of the local authorities and their modes of enforcement have generated adverse results causing the loss of many Lifes. The analysis required the combination of data sources on plan decisions and the consequences of the disaster, accommodated in the different authorities. Surveying the scope and decisions of 1957-70, 1970-85, and 1985-99 plan periods, and comparing these decisions in their spatial context with the loss and damage experienced, provides sufficent evidence of the causality. It is possible to identify that decisions of increased densities and building higher, changes to commercial uses in the CBD, siting of individual buildings, removal of open spaces all had their share in contributing the dramatic panaroma of losses. v Findings indicate strong correlations of loss of life with increased number of floors in buildings in the 27 districts of Adapazarı. It is particularly evident that greatest damages occured due to the 1985 plan decisions, when all powers of comprehensive plan-making were transferred to the local authorities, central authority control powers being removed. So long as local interests can not be curbed in plan preparation avoiding control with reference to the criteria of ‘public benefit’, many other cities in Turkey are likely to have similar fate in the near future.


Integrated water resource management planning: the case of the Konya closed basin
Salmaner, Emine Gülesin; Gedikli, Bahar; Department of City and Regional Planning (2008)
The aim of the thesis is to examine the Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) Planning that is recognized as the most appropriate approach in the international arena for the wise-use and sustainability of water resources. In this framework, the thesis has been organized in two major parts: Theoretical framework and the Konya Closed Basin case study analysis. The first part draws a theoretical framework on IWRM planning and discusses its principles, aims and implementation tools through an internationa...
The boulevard as a communication tool; Atatürk Boulevard
Kesim, Berk; Barlas, Mehmet Adnan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2009)
The main concern of this thesis is examining the affects and causes of traffic oriented design on the social generation of boulevards in terms of communication. For this purpose, boulevard concept and its historical evaluation are explained. In addition, communication is used as a tool for understanding, combining and examining the social and technical structure of boulevard. In this respect, this thesis aims to explore the boulevard concept with the spatial communication measures. To provide empirical evid...
The role of local and global networking for tourism firms and clusters : the case of Antalya
Erkuş Öztürk, Hilal; Eraydın, Ayda; Department of City and Regional Planning (2008)
The aim of this thesis is to explore the role of local and global networking, institutionalization and institutional thickness of tourism firms and clusters in order to explain their contribution to tourism development. Recent development literature emphasizes the crucial role of different level of networks, institutionalizations and clustering in the development of regions. In this respect, this thesis tries to explore the role of networks, new organizational set-ups and clustering by adapting them to tour...
Human interventions on wetlands and their long term impacts on human well-being a study of Kızılırmak Delta case, Samsun, Turkey
Gürçay, Melih; Eraydın, Ayda; Department of City and Regional Planning (2009)
Acknowledging the necessity of a detailed understanding of the dynamics and contributions of wetlands in decision making processes, this research aims to identify the trade-offs between human interventions and human well-being in wetlands. Being one of the thirteen Ramsar Sites of Turkey and providing various ecosystem functions, Kızılırmak Delta was determined as the case study area of the research. Following the literature review on wetlands and their valuation, an assessment framework was developed for a...
The contribution of strategic spatial planning to the establishment of democratic governance structures
Soysal, Begüm; Ataöv Demirkan, Anlı; Department of City and Regional Planning (2008)
This thesis aims to search the contribution of strategic spatial planning to the establishment of democratic governance structures. Within this aim; it discusses strategic spatial planning with respect to its procedural and organizational characteristics and the notion of governance with respect to the issue of participatory democracy. Additionally; it argues that strategic spatial planning includes some conditions including that enhance the development of democratic governance. In doing these; it both cove...
Citation Formats
F. Bayhan, “Impacts of planning decisions in an earthquake vulnerable city: the case of Adapazarı,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.