Optimum design of double-layer grid systems: comparison with current design practice using real-life industrial applications

Aydıncılar, Yılmaz
Double-layer grid systems are three-dimensional pin-jointed structures, which are generally used for covering roofs having large spans. In this study, evolution strategies method is used to optimize space trusses. Evolution strategies method is a type of evolutionary algorithms, which simulate biological evolution and natural selection phenomenon to find the best solution for an optimization problem. In this method, an initial population is formed by various solutions of design problem. Then this initial population starts to evolve by using recombination, mutation, and selection operators, which are adopted for optimization of space trusses by modifying some parameters. Optimization routine continues for a certain number of generations, and best design obtained in this process is accepted as optimum solution. OFES, a design and optimization software developed for optimum design of steel frames, is modified in this study to handle space truss systems. By using this v software, six design examples taken from real-life industrial applications with element numbers changing between 792 and 4412 are studied. The structural systems defined in examples are optimized for minimum weight in accordance with design provisions imposed by Turkish Specification, TS648. The optimization is performed based on selecting member sizes and/or determining the elevation of the structure and/or setting the support conditions of the system. The results obtained are compared with those of FrameCAD, a software which is predominantly used for design of such systems in national current design practice.


Seismic vulnerability, behavior and design of tunnel form building structures
Balkaya, C; Kalkan, E (Elsevier BV, 2004-12-01)
Multi-story reinforced concrete tunnel form buildings are one of the common structural types in regions prone to high seismic risk due to the buildings inherent earthquake resistance and ease of construction. Despite their good performance during earthquakes in 1999 in Turkey, and abundance of such structures scattered worldwide, current seismic codes and design provisions provide insufficient guidelines for their seismic design. As a compensatory measure, a series of modal and nonlinear static analyses are...
Seismic behavior of autoclaved aerated concrete low rise buildings with reinforced wall panels
Gökmen, Furkan; Binici, Barış; Canbay, Erdem (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-07-01)
Reinforced Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) wall panels are more commonly used to construct load-bearing walls in low-rise prefabricated buildings located in seismic zones. In the scope of this study, the seismic response of buildings constructed with reinforced AAC wall panels was investigated. To this end, an in situ test was conducted on a two-story test building under reversed cyclic displacement excursions. It was determined that the test building could carry a lateral load of 60% more than its weight...
Quantifying seismic design criteria for concrete buildings
Tüken, Ahmet; Atımtay, Ergin; Department of Civil Engineering (2004)
The amount of total and relative sway of a framed or a composite (frame-shear wall) building is of utmost importance in assessing the seismic resistance of the building. Therefore, the design engineer must calculate the sway profile of the building several times during the design process. However, it is not a simple task to calculate the sway of a three-dimensional structure. Of course, computer programs can do the job, but developing the three-dimensional model becomes necessary, which is obviously tedious...
A detailed analysis for evaluation of the degradation characteristics of simple structural systems
Kurtman, Burak; Erberik, Murat Altuğ; Department of Civil Engineering (2007)
Deterioration in the mechanical properties of concrete, masonry and steel structures are usually observed under repeated cyclic loading in the inelastic response range. Therefore such a behavior becomes critical when these types of structures are subjected to ground motions with specific characteristics. The objective of this study is to address the influence of degrading behavior on simple systems. The Structural Performance Database on the PEER web site, which contains the results of cyclic, lateral-load ...
Component based seismic vulnerability assessment procedure for rc buildings
Erduran, Emrah; Yakut, Ahmet; Department of Civil Engineering (2005)
A detailed seismic performance assessment procedure has been developed for reinforced concrete frame buildings with masonry in-fill walls and reinforced concrete frames including shear walls. The procedure uses member damage functions, in terms of inter-story drift ratios, developed for the primary components: columns, beams, in-fill walls and shear walls. Analytical investigations carried out to determine the influence of a number of parameters on the damageability of components were combined with existing...
Citation Formats
Y. Aydıncılar, “Optimum design of double-layer grid systems: comparison with current design practice using real-life industrial applications,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.