An assessment of the dynamic properties of Adapazarı soils by cyclic direct simple shear tests

Kaven, Hassan Zehtab
Among the hard-hit cities during 17 August 1999 Kocaeli Earthquake (Mw 7.4), Adapazarı is known for the prominent role of site conditions in damage distribution. Since the strong ground motion during the event was recorded only on a rock site, it is necessary to estimate the response of alluvium basin before any study on the relationship between the damage and the parameters of ground motion. Therefore, a series of site and laboratory tests were done on Adapazarı soils in order to decrease the uncertainty in estimation of their dynamic properties. In downtown Adapazarı, a 118 m deep borehole was opened in the vicinity of heavily damaged buildings for sample recovery and in-situ testing. The stiffness of the soils in-situ is first investigated by standard penetration tests (SPT) and by velocity measurements with P-S suspension logging technique. Disturbed samples were recovered by core-barrel and split-barrel samplers. 18 Thin-Walled tubes were successively used for recovering undisturbed samples. A series of monotonic and cyclic direct simple shear tests were done on specimens recovered from the Thin-Walled tubes. It is concluded that the secant shear modulus and damping ratio of soils exposed to severe shaking during the 1999 event are significantly smaller than those estimated by using the empirical relationships in literature. It is also observed that the reversed-S shaped hysteresis loops are typical for cyclic response of the samples.
Citation Formats
H. Z. Kaven, “An assessment of the dynamic properties of Adapazarı soils by cyclic direct simple shear tests,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.