Development of sol-gel catalysts by use of fast combinatorial synthesis and high throughput testing techniques for catalytic oxidation of propylene to propylene oxide

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2010
Düzenli, Derya
Propylene oxide (PO) is an important raw material for the chemical industry, which is produced commercially by the chlorohydrin process and hydroperoxide process. However the deficiencies in these processes have given rise to considerable interest in the development of a direct route to PO that does not produce by-products or coproducts. The development of novel, active and selective catalysts for gas phase oxidation of propylene using molecular oxygen were studied via testing a large number of catalysts by high-throughput screening method over combinatorially prepared different catalytic system in this study. v The promoted and un-promoted silver (Ag), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) mono and bimetallic catalytic system over high and low surface area silica, alumina, titanium oxide and titanium-silicate supports were prepared by single step sol-gel method and by incipient wetness method. The study to determine the most effective catalyst and promoter in the epoxidation reaction with different reaction conditions, showed that potassium (K)- promoted Cu metal supported over high surface area silica favored the PO production at a high reaction temperature (350 °C) and oxygen rich atmosphere (C3H6/O2=1.0). The catalyst showed high and low propylene oxide productivity was investigated by some of the characterization techniques. The highlydispersed copper particle over silica support was determined by XRD, TEM and XPS techniques. The only change between promoted and un-promoted catalyst was found out in the temperature dependence of propylene consumption and PO production rate. It was inferred that potassium (K) only neutralizes the acid sites of silica.
Citation Formats
D. Düzenli, “Development of sol-gel catalysts by use of fast combinatorial synthesis and high throughput testing techniques for catalytic oxidation of propylene to propylene oxide,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2010.