Comparative evaluation of SAR image formation algorithms

Şahin, Halil İbrahim
In the scope of this thesis, simulation-based analyses and comparative evaluation of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image formation techniques, namely Time Domain Correlation, Range Stacking, Range Doppler and Chirp Scaling algorithms, are presented. For this purpose, first, the fundamental concepts of SAR such as SAR geometry, resolution and signal properties are explained. A broadside SAR simulator that provides artificial raw data as an input to the algorithms is designed and implemented. Then, the mathematical background of the imaging algorithms discussed in the thesis is provided. Implementations of these algorithms and simulations are carried out using MATLAB®. Finally, simulation results are presented and discussed to show the advantages and disadvantages of the algorithms.


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In this thesis, Inverse Synthtetic Aperture Radar image reconstruction techniques, named as Range Doppler, Back Projection, Polar Formatting, Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC) and Time Frequency techniques are analysed and compared using simulations. Time Frequency techniques investigated in this thesis are Short Time Fourier Transform, Wigner-Ville Distribution, Smoothed Wigner-Ville Distribution and Choi-Williams Distribution. First, some fundamental concepts of ISAR, such as resolution, range profil...
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Kazar, Ali Kemal; Kuzuoğlu, Mustafa; Özgün, Özlem; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2013)
The aim of this research is to analyze the variations in Radar Cross Section (RCS) values of dielectric and conducting objects due to material and shape uncertainties by employing the Finite Difference Time Domain Method and the Monte Carlo approach in electromagnetic scattering problems. MATLAB codes are developed and validated to solve the electromagnetic scattering problem involving two and three dimensional arbitrarily-shaped objects. Basic principles of FDTD and its implementation in MATLAB are describ...
GPU-Accelerated Shooting and Bouncing Ray Method for Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging
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The most time-consuming part of the conventional Shooting and Bouncing Ray (SBR) method is the ray tracing process, which increases the computation time because of the large number of ray tubes used to model the incident wave and the large number of triangles used to model the surface mesh. In this study, an accelerated SBR method is presented to reduce the computational burden. Acceleration is done both by reducing the amount of ray-triangle intersection tests with the help of octree decomposition of 3D me...
Citation Formats
H. İ. Şahin, “Comparative evaluation of SAR image formation algorithms,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.