Artificial aging of crosslinked double base propellants

Bağlar, Emrah
In this study, shelf life of three different crosslinked double base (XLDB) propellants stabilized with 2-nitrodiphenylamine (2-NDPA) and n-methyl-4-nitroaniline (MNA) were determined by using the stabilizer depletion method. Depletions of the stabilizers were monitored at different aging temperatures using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Kinetic models of pseudo zero, pseudo first, pseudo second and shifting order were used to find the best model equation that fits the experimental data. The rates of depletion of stabilizers were calculated at 45, 55 and 65°C based on the best fit kinetic models. Using the rate constants at different temperatures, rate constants at room temperature were calculated by Arrhenius equation. The activation energies and frequency factors for the depletion of 2-NDPA and MNA were obtained for all XLDB propellants. Moreover, the results were evaluated based on the NATO standard; STANAG 4117 and the propellants were found stable according to the standard. Vacuum thermal stability (VTS) tests were also conducted to evaluate the stability of XLDB propellants. The propellant that includes the stabilizer mixture of MNA and 2-NDPA was found to have less stability than the propellants that include 2-NDPA only. However, there were rejection (puking) and migration of stabilizer derivatives for the aged samples of propellants that were stabilized with only 2-NDPA. Moreover, formation of voids and cracks were observed in block propellant samples due to excess gas generation.


RPA instabilities in finite nuclei at low density
Jacquot, B; Colonna, M; Ayik, S; Chomaz, P (Elsevier BV, 1997-05-12)
Early development of the instabilities in a dilute nuclear source is investigated using a finite temperature quantal RPA approach for different systems, The growth rates of the unstable collective modes are determined by solving a dispersion relation, which is obtained by parametrizing the transition density in terms of its multipole moments. Under typical conditions of a dilute finite system at moderate temperatures the dispersion relation exhibits an ultraviolet cut-off. As a result, only a finite number ...
Kinetic analysis of in situ combustion processes with thermogravimetric and differential thermogravimetric analysis and reaction tube experiments
Kök, Mustafa Verşan (1995-01-01)
This research comprises the determination of kinetic parameters of in situ combustion processes by reaction tube and thermal (thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)/differential thermogravimetric analysis (DTGA)) experiments. A previously developed laboratory model and a Du Pont 9900 thermalanalyzer unit were used to run the experiments. Three reaction regions for combustion of crude oil in porous media were observed in the reaction tube and TGA/DTGA experiments and are defined as low temperature oxidation, fuel ...
Hierarchical nanowire and nanoplate-assembled NiCo2O4-NiO biphasic microspheres as effective electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction
Cetin, A.; Esenturk, E. N. (2019-12-01)
In this study, NiCo2O4-NiO nanomaterials with two different morphologies were synthesized using urea and cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) as structure directing agents. A combination of analytical techniques including XRD, XPS, SEM-EDX, TEM, and BET were utilized for the characterization of the materials. Microscopy images show that urea-stabilized NiCo2O4-NiO (UeNiCo) has urchin-like morphology assembled by nanowires, and CTAC stabilization (C-NiCo) led to the formation of microspheres with nanoplate...
Synthesis and characterization of electrochemically polymerized metal-free, nickel and zinc containing phthalocyanine derivatives
Yavuz, Arzu; Aras, Leyla; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2009)
In the first part of this study, 4-(2,5-di-2-thiophen-2-yl-pyrrol-1-yl)-phthalonitrile (SNS-PN) was synthesized by utilizing 1,4-di(2-thienyl)-1,4- butadione (SOOS) and 4-aminophthalonitrile via Knorr-Paal Reaction. Nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR and 13C NMR) and fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies were utilized for the characterization of this compound. SNS-PN monomer was then electrochemically polymerized in acetonitrile/0.2 M LiClO4 solvent/electrolyte couple. Characterizations of the re...
Electrochemical copolymerization of thiophene containing pseudo-polyether cages with pyrrole
Cihaner, Atilla; Önal, Ahmet Muhtar (2006-01-01)
Conducting copolymers were synthesized via the electrochemical oxidation of pyrrole (Py) in the presence of the monomer 1,12-bis(2-thienyl)-2,5,8,11-tetraoxadodecane (1). The presence of monomer I in the electrolytic solution greatly changed the CV behavior of Py during its potensiodynamic polymerization. The electroactivity of poly(I-co-Py) increased with the increasing amount of I in the comonomer mixture. Copolymer films were prepared via constant potential electrolysis in an electrolytic solution contai...
Citation Formats
E. Bağlar, “Artificial aging of crosslinked double base propellants,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.