Dna repair genes, xrcc3 and rad51, polymorphisms and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Download
2010
Tanrıkut, Cihan
In this study, the role of two DNA repair genes, X-ray repair cross complementing group 3 (XRCC3) Thr241Met and Rad51 G135C polymorphisms were investigated in the risk of development of childhood ALL in Turkish population among 193 healthy controls and 184 ALL patients, by using PCR-RFLP technique. For XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphism, the frequencies of both heterozygous and homozygous mutant genotypes were found to be higher in the controls compared to ALL patients (OR: 0.59, p = 0.02; OR: 0.48, p = 0.02, respectively). In addition, either heterozygous (Thr/Met) or homozygous mutant (Met/Met) genotypes were significantly more common in the controls than the ALL patients (OR: 0.55, p =0.005). In case of Rad51 G135C polymorphism, no significant associations have been found with the risk of childhood ALL. Combination of XRCC3 heterozygote and Rad51 heterozygote genotypes increased the protective effect for risk of childhood ALL. (OR=0.35 ; p =0.02). Combination of homozygote mutant genotype of XRCC3 with homozygote wild type genotype of Rad51 gave a highly statistically proved protective effect for the development of disease (OR= 0.36; p= 0.004). To our knowledge, this is the first study showing the protective role of XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphism either alone or in combination with Rad51 G135C variant on the risk of development of childhood ALL. In addition, interactions of these polymorphisms with non-genetic risk factors were investigated. Only in terms of paternal exposure, the heterozygote (Thr/Met) genotype for XRCC3 gene in children whose father exposed to cigarette smoke demonstrated a significant risk of 3.0 fold (p=0.05). Moreover, the frequency of Rad51 135C allele was determined for the first time in Turkish population. The frequency of the mutant allele was found to be very similar to that observed in other Caucasian populations.

Suggestions

Investigation of the impacts of linkage disequilibrium on SNP selection studies
Kantar Özçırpan, Ekin; Weber, Gerhard Wilhelm; İyigün, Cem; Department of Biomedical Engineering (2015)
In many Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS), the relation between SNPs and complex diseases has being tried to reveal. Moreover it is known that, in GWAS there exist a high amount of data which include relations between SNPs, phenotypes and diseases, etc. Many algorithms have been used to be able to reach the desired information from this huge data. Therefore, in this study, an algorithm one of whose important steps is based on linkage disequilibrium(LD), was constructed to eliminate the redundant inform...
Dempster-Schafer Method in Family Based Association Studies
Rajabli, Farid; Goktas, Unal; İnan, Gül (2012-11-03)
In experiments designed for family-based association studies, methods such as transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) require large number of trios to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the disease. However, unavailability of large number of trios is the Achilles' heel of many complex disease studies, especially for the late-onset diseases since parents might have passed away or unavailable. This problem motivated us to look for new approaches that require smaller number of trios...
Cytochrome P4501A1 genotypes and smoking- and hypertension-related ischemic stroke risk
Demirdöğen, B. Can; Adali, A.Ç.; Bek, S.; Demirkaya, Ş.; Adalı, Orhan (SAGE Publications, 2012-10-30)
This study aimed to determine whether the coding (A4889G) and noncoding region (T6235C) polymorphisms of the gene coding for cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1), a xenobiotic-metabolizing enzyme responsible for the metabolism of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, are involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke in Turkish population. Study group consisted of 226 ischemic stroke patients and 113 controls. Genotypes were attained by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for A4889G and PCR/res...
Novel BRCA2 pathogenic genotype and breast cancer phenotype discordance in monozygotic triplets
Duzkale, Neslihan; EYERCİ, NİLNUR; Oksuzoglu, Berna; Teker, Taner; Kandemir, Olcay (Elsevier BV, 2020-04-01)
BRCA1/2 genes with high-penetrance are tumor suppressor and tumor susceptibility genes that play important roles in the homologous recombination mechanism in DNA repair and increase breast cancer risk. Variants in BRCA1 or BRCA2 are the main causes of familial and early-onset breast cancer. This study investigated pathogenic variant belonging to the BRCA2 gene splice region in monozygotic triplets. A 44-year-old woman was diagnosed with breast cancer when she was 32 years old. Her monozygotic sister had a h...
MicroRNA, mRNA, and protein expression link development and aging in human and macaque brain
Somel, Mehmet; Fu, Ning; Yan, Zheng; Hu, Hai Yang; Xu, Ying; Yuan, Yuan; Ning, Zhibin; Hu, Yuhui; Menzel, Corinna; Hu, Hao; Lachmann, Michael; Zeng, Rong; Chen, Wei; Khaitovich, Philipp (2010-09-01)
Changes in gene expression levels determine differentiation of tissues involved in development and are associated with functional decline in aging. Although development is tightly regulated, the transition between development and aging, as well as regulation of post-developmental changes, are not well understood. Here, we measured messenger RNA (mRNA), microRNA (miRNA), and protein expression in the prefrontal cortex of humans and rhesus macaques over the species' life spans. We find that few gene expressio...
Citation Formats
C. Tanrıkut, “Dna repair genes, xrcc3 and rad51, polymorphisms and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.