Identifying factors that facilitate the use of multi-purpose smart cards by university students: an empirical investigation

Teker, Mahmut
The aim of this thesis is to identify factors that affect the university students’ acceptance of multi-purpose Smart Cards. The findings of this study will be beneficial to facilitate the use of Smart-Card enabled system both n universities and in other institutions which either have these systems in use or plan to invest on these systems in the future. The research methodology employed within this study is based on quantitative methods. A survey instrument comprising 51 5-point Likert-type questions has been developed and applied to 207 university Middle East Technical University students. The data collected has been analyzed using Exploratory Factor Analysis to categorize factors having items. According to analysis results, the data classified under 5 factors; Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, Behavioral Intention, Anxiety, and Technological Complexity. Then, the relations between these 5 factors identified and a measurement model was created. For assessing the proposed model Discriminant and Convergent Validity scores were calculated by Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Then, Structural Equation Modeling was conducted with Partial Least Squares for validating the model’s estimated influence. The study has shown that the main Technology Acceptance Model constructs fit for determining the university students’ intention of Smart Card usage except for Perceived Ease of Use over Behavioral Intention. Moreover, study showed that Anxiety and Technological Complexity were the external factors that have effect on willingness of using multi-purpose Smart Cards. If students have Anxiety, this affects their perception of easiness of the system and it has negative indirect effect on the perceived usefulness and direct effect on intention. Technological Complexity is another factor which has direct affect on the perception of easiness and usefulness and intention.


Exploring the relationship between web presence and web usability for universities A case study from Turkey
Peker, Serhat; Kucukozer-Cavdar, Seyma; Çağıltay, Kürşat (Emerald, 2016-01-01)
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to statistically explore the relationship between web usability and web presence of the universities. As a case study, five Turkish universities in different rankings which were selected from Webometrics rankings were evaluated and compared.
Identifying factors that affect students' acceptance of web-based assessment tools within the context of higher education
Alkış, Nurcan; Özkan Yıldırım, Sevgi; Department of Information Systems (2010)
The main aim of this thesis study is to identify the factors that affect higher education students’ perceptions of computerized assessment for learning. This study additionally aims to help effective use of computers in assessment activities by guiding the teachers or educational organization by interpreting the factors that affect students’ attitudes toward computer use in examinations. Quantitative research design has been used in this study. When choosing the participants, nonprobability sampling strateg...
Evaluating learning management systems: Adoption of hexagonal e-learning assessment model in higher education
Özkan Yıldırım, Sevgi; Baykal, Nazife (2009-05-29)
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the importance of undertaking a systemic view of learning management systems (LMSs) evaluation addressing the conceptualization and measurement of e-learning systems success in higher education. Design/methodology/approach – The paper adopts a quantitative case perspective and derives a conceptual model for e-learning assessment (Hexagonal e-learning assessment model – HELAM). The model is empirically tested for validity and reliability in the university...
Measuring striving for understanding and learning value of geometry: a validity study
Ubuz, Behiye (Informa UK Limited, 2017-01-01)
The current study aimed to construct a questionnaire that measures students' personality traits related to striving for understanding and learning value of geometry and then examine its psychometric properties. Through the use of multiple methods on two independent samples of 402 and 521 middle school students, two studies were performed to address this issue to provide support for its validity. In Study 1, exploratory factor analysis indicated the two-factor model. In Study 2, confirmatory factor analysis ...
Implementation of the Core in College Admissions Problems When Colleagues Matter
Küçükşenel, Serkan (2011-01-01)
This paper presents mechanisms implementing the core correspondence of many-to-one matching markets, such as college admissions problems, where the students have preferences over the other students who would attend the same college. We first present a sequential mechanism implementing the core. We then show that simple two-stage mechanisms, which mimics the real-life processes, cannot be used to implement the core correspondence in subgame perfect Nash equilibrium even with strong assumptions on agents' pre...
Citation Formats
M. Teker, “Identifying factors that facilitate the use of multi-purpose smart cards by university students: an empirical investigation,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.