Analysis of cytochrome P4501A1 genetic polymorphisms in patients with ischemic stroke

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2011
Adalı, Ayşe Çınar
Stroke is the third leading cause of death worldwide and results in serious disabilities. Cytochrome P450 1A1 gene (CYP1A1) is a highly polymorphic gene encoding its corresponding xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme which is responsible from the metabolism of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are engaged with the formation of free radicals. Atherosclerosis is a major cause of ischemic stroke and this pathology may be associated with the disruption of vascular homeostasis due to the formation of these chemicals. The main objective of this study was to investigate the coding region (A4889G) and non-coding region (T6235C) polymorphisms of the CYP1A1 gene as a risk factor for ischemic stroke. The study group in Turkish population consisted of 226 unrelated ischemic stroke patients and 113 control subjects. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups with respect to age and gender. Total blood samples were obtained from Gülhane Military Medical Academy Hospital, Neurology Department, Ankara. In stroke patients, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and obesity were at least 2 times more common and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was significantly lower than controls. The frequency of mutant allele 4889G was 0.445 in patients and was nearly the same with controls. The frequency of mutant allele 6235C was 0.151 in patients and was significantly higher in controls (0.226, P=0.015). The risk of diabetic, smoker and obese individuals having ischemic stroke was significantly higher in 4889G allele carriers (AG+GG; Odds ratio; OR= 2.1, 2.4 and 3, respectively). The risk of hypertensive and diabetic individuals having ischemic stroke was higher in 6235TT genotypic people (OR= 3 and 2.2, respectively). On the contrary, the risk of smoker and obese individuals having ischemic stroke was significantly higher in 6235 C allele carriers (OR=5.3 and 3.7, respectively). Logistic regression analysis revealed that hypertension, smoking, levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and HDL-C and 6235C allele were significant predictors of stroke. In this analysis, high level of LDL-C was found to be associated with almost 1.5-fold risk of ischemic stroke. On the other hand, HDL-C and having mutant 6235C allele decreased the risk of ischemic stroke 2.5 and 2-fold, respectively. This is the first study investigating the relation between A4889G polymorphism and stroke risk. Additionally, in Turkish population A4889G and T6235C polymorphisms were analyzed for the first time in terms of its relation to ischemic stroke. The present study demonstrated that the frequency of mutant 4889G allele was nearly the same in stroke patients and control subjects; whereas the frequency of mutant 6235 C allele was higher in control subjects than in stroke patients. Consequently, we decided that carrying mutant 4889 G allele does not constitute a risk for ischemic stroke and carrying mutant 6235C allele may have a protective effect against stroke.

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Citation Formats
A. Ç. Adalı, “Analysis of cytochrome P4501A1 genetic polymorphisms in patients with ischemic stroke,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.