Algebraic curves hermitian lattices and hypergeometric functions

Zeytin, Ayberk
The aim of this work is to study the interaction between two classical objects of mathematics: the modular group, and the absolute Galois group. The latter acts on the category of finite index subgroups of the modular group. However, it is a task out of reach do understand this action in this generality. We propose a lattice which parametrizes a certain system of ”geometric” elements in this category. This system is setwise invariant under the Galois action, and there is a hope that one can explicitly understand the pointwise action on the elements of this system. These elements admit moreover a combinatorial description as quadrangulations of the sphere, satisfying a natural nonnegative curvature condition. Furthermore, their connections with hypergeometric functions allow us to realize these quadrangulations as points in the moduli space of rational curves with 8 punctures. These points are conjecturally defined over a number field and our ultimate wish is to compare the Galois action on the lattice elements in the category and the corresponding points in the moduli space.
Citation Formats
A. Zeytin, “Algebraic curves hermitian lattices and hypergeometric functions,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.