Grasping the space of the heart/mind: artistic creation and natural beauty in the later philosophy of Kitarō Nishida (1870-1945)

Özdemir, İbrahim Soner
In this dissertation, focusing on the problem of “aesthetic form” and its relation to the distinction between natural and artistic beauty, it is argued that the Japanese philosopher Kitarō Nishida’s (1870-1945) later conception of artistic creation provides a different model of the aesthetics of nature in which nature is appreciated as “what it is”. Nishida most fully elaborates his later conception of artistic creation in the “Artistic Creation as an Act of Historical Formation”, published in 1941. In this work Nishida conceives of artistic creation as an act of historical, social “formation”. According to this conception “aesthetic form” as the object of artistic creation, and hence what is relevant to its appreciation, is determined not only in relation to the historical, social context but also to the natural environment of its creation. Nishida further defines the historical “formation” as the “determination of form”, or the “grasping of space”. And he distinguishes two different types of the “grasping of space”. He suggests that in contrast to the Western arts, which are oriented toward grasping the “space of the things” (mono no kūkan), the Eastern arts aim to grasp the “space of the heart/mind” (kokoro no kūkan). In the “grasping of the space of the heart/mind”, what is grasped is not the object but the “space in which” (ni oite aru kūkan) the self, or the process of perception/creation is located.


Art(s) of becoming: performative encounters in contemporary political art
Akkın, İbrahim Okan; Parkan, Barış; Department of Philosophy (2017)
This thesis analyses Deleuze & Guattari’s notion of becoming through certain performative encounters in contemporary political art, and re-conceptualizes them as “art(s) of becoming”. Art(s) of becoming are actualizations of a non-representational –minoritarian– mode of becoming and creation as well as the political actions of fleeing quanta. The theoretical aim of the study is, on the one hand, to explain how Platonic Idealism is overturned by Deleuze’s reading of Nietzsche and Leibniz, and on the other ha...
The role of symbolic presentation in Kant's theory of taste
Rueger, A; Evren, S (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2005-07-01)
Beauty, or at least natural beauty, is famously a symbol of the morally good in Kant's theory of taste. Natural beauty is also, we argue, a symbol of the systematicity of nature. This symbolic connection of beauty and systematicity in nature sheds light on the relation between the principles underlying the use of reflecting judgement. The connection also motivates a more general interpretive proposal: the fact that the imagination can symbolize ideas plays a crucial role in the theory of taste; it is the me...
Dualities in bergson revisited: towards a reconciliation?
Karahan, Gülizar; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2008)
The aim of this study is to make an inquiry on the nature and the development of dualities in Bergson’s philosophy. Since the nature of each duality differs from the others and the dualistic pattern inherent in Bergsonian philosophy is subject to change, we base our study on a chronological structure in order to comprehend better how this pattern changes. We claim that such an inquiry will yield relevant outcomes with regard to ontological and epistemological evolution of Bergson’s thought. To state more pr...
Self-love and self-deception in Seneca, the Stoic
Sururi, Ayten; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2005)
In this thesis, Seneca̕s notion of self as self-love and the problem of self-deception are analyzed. In examining three types of self-love, اignorant, progressing selves,اthree models of self-deception are discussed. Self-deception is related to the problem of self-knowledge. I discuss the nature of self-love as self-esteem and self-preservation and self-shaping all of which are innate qualities and develop into more complex forms of knowing. Passions are concrete examples of the representations of deceived...
The Uses of the World Soul in Plato's Timaeus
Evren, Şahan; Bağçe, Samet; Department of Philosophy (2009)
The purpose of the present study is to assess the explanatory value of the concept of the World Soul in the cosmological account of Plato’s Timaeus. The World Soul plays a crucial role in the account of the world of Becoming in the Timaeus and in Plato’s philosophy of science. The World Soul explains why there is motion at all in the universe and sustains the regularity and uniformity of the motion of the celestial objects. Its constitution and the way it is generated by the Demiurge endow it an intermediar...
Citation Formats
İ. S. Özdemir, “Grasping the space of the heart/mind: artistic creation and natural beauty in the later philosophy of Kitarō Nishida (1870-1945),” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.