Ballistic penetration of hardened steel plates

Deniz, Tansel
Ballistic testing is a vital part of the armor design. However, it is impossible to test every condition and it is necessary to limit the number of tests to cut huge costs. With the intro- duction of hydrocodes and high performance computers; there is an increasing interest on simulation studies to cutoff these aforementioned costs. This study deals with the numerical modeling of ballistic impact phenomena, regarding the ballistic penetration of hardened steel plates by 7.62 mm AP (Armor Piercing) projectile. Penetration processes of AP projectiles are reviewed. Then, a survey on analytical models is given. After the introduction of fun- damentals of numerical analysis, an intensive numerical study is conducted in 2D and 3D. Johnson Cook strength models for the four different heat treatments of AISI 4340 steel were constructed based on the dynamic material data taken from the literature. It was found that 2D numerical simulations gave plausible results in terms of residual projectile velocities, con- sidering the literature review. Then, 3D numerical simulations were performed based on the material properties that were selected in 2D studies. Good agreement was obtained between the numerical and test results in terms of residual projectile velocities and ballistic limit thick- nesses. It was seen that the ballistic protection efficiency of the armor plates increases with the increasing hardness, in the examined range. This study is a part of T̈ubitak project 106M211 of MAG.