Alpha - beta transition in quartz

Lider, Mustafa Cem
Alpha-Beta transition in quartz is studied using the Raman scattering. The Raman frequencies of some lattice modes are analyzed at various temperatures close to the alpha beta transition in quartz. For this analysis, the experimental data from the literature is used and the soft mode behavior of those Raman phonons is investigated . On the basis of the predictions of some models, the temperature dependencies for the Raman frequencies of the lattice modes which move towards zero (soft mode) and their bandwidths close to the transition temperature Tc are explained for the alpha-beta transition in quartz. In addition, by using the experimental volume data from literature, calculation of the temperature dependence of the Raman frequencies through the Grüneisen parameter have been studied near the phase transition.


Time-resolved optically stimulated luminescence (osl) studies on samples containing quartz and feldspar
Yeltik, Aydan; Bulur, Enver; Department of Physics (2009)
Time Resolved OSL (TR-OSL) is a technique to record the luminescence decay curve data after a brief stimulation pulse and can possibly be used for the separation of luminescence signals from quartz and feldspars. In this study luminescence emission from quartz and feldspar samples was investigated. TR-OSL signals of these samples were studied for the variations with preheating and annealing temperature, stimulation pulse width and total stimulation time, optical bleaching, radiation dose and measurement tem...
First order and second order phase transitions in quartz and related materials
Lider, Mustafa Cem; Yurtseven, Hasan Hamit; Department of Physics (2017)
The mechanism of the phase transitions in quartz and in the related materials is investigated. First order and second order transitions are explained on the basis of various models using experimental data from literature. Inparticular, the Landau phenomenological theory is employed in terms of the order parameters and the temperature- pressure (T-P) phase diagram is constructed for those materials of interest. The sym- metry change of crystal structure is also analyzed by using group theory. The thermodynam...
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectroscopy via gold nanostars
Nalbant Esentürk, Emren (Wiley, 2009-01-01)
Anisotropic metallic nanoparticles (NPs) have unique optical properties, which lend them to applications such as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy. Star-shaped gold (Au) NPs were prepared in aqueous solutions by the seed-mediated growth method and tested for Raman enhancement using 2-mercaptopyridine (2-MPy) and crystal violet (CV) probing molecules. For both molecules, the SERS activity of the nanostars was notably stronger than that of the spherical Au NPs of similar size. The Raman en...
Terahertz Transmission Through Patterened Vanadium Oxide Thin Films on Dielectric Substrates
AKKAYA, MAHİNUR; Demirhan, Y.; Yuce, H.; Aygun, G.; Ozyuzer, L.; SABAH, CUMALİ; Altan, Hakan (SCITEPRESS, AV D MANUELL, 27A 2 ESQ, SETUBAL, 2910-595, PORTUGAL; 2017-03-01)
Patterned and unpatterned films of vanadium oxide grown on dielectric substrates such as fused silica and sapphire were grown and analysed by varying the temperature using terahertz time domain spectroscopy. After investigating the critical transition temperature near 340K, a well-known cross-shaped pattern was studied to observe any resonances upon transmission. Due to the poor conductivity of the films the frequency selective nature of the structure was not observed, however an etalon effect could be seen...
Compositional Dependence of Optical Modes Frequencies in T1Ga(x)In(1-x)S(2) Layered Mixed Crystals (0 <= x <= 1)
Isik, M.; Hasanlı, Nızamı; Korkmaz, F. (2014-09-01)
The infrared transmittance and Raman scattering spectra in TlGaxIn1-xS2 (0 <= x <= 1) layered mixed crystals grown by the Bridgman method were studied in the frequency ranges of 400-2000 and 250-400 cm(-1), respectively. The bands observed at room temperature in IR transmittance spectra of TlGaxIn1-xS2 were interpreted in terms of multiphonon absorption processes. The dependences of the frequencies of IR- and Raman-active modes on the composition of TlGaxIn1-xS2 mixed crystals were also established. The str...
Citation Formats
M. C. Lider, “Alpha - beta transition in quartz,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.