Investigation of tuff quarries around the temple of Apollon Smintheus (Çanakkale, Turkey)

Ergenç, Duygu
Studies to determine the location of antique quarries, from where building stones were obtained, are done by comparison of the properties of antique stones and the possible quarry sources around them. In the case when no stonemason marks exists, geologic formations that may be used as building stone should be investigated and properties of antique building stones and geologic formations should be correlated. The aim of this study was the investigation of tuff quarries that could be the source of tuffs used in the construction of Apollon Smintheus Temple. For this purpose, the studies were carried out about the geology of the region, and possible three quarries selected around Smintheion. Durability properties of stones in Temple and quarries were determined with the analyses of physical, physico-mechanical properties and artificial weathering tests of wetting-drying, salt crystallization; Effective porosity, bulk density, water absorption capacity, dry and saturated unit weight, salt content, ultrasonic pulse velocity, modulus of elasticity, uniaxial compressive strength, pore size distribution, capillary absorption and moisture absorption capacities were determined for Temple tuffs and possible quarry tuffs in fresh and artificial weathering cycles. Microstructural investigations were done by mineralogical, petrographical and chemical analyses which were optical microscopy, stereomicroscopy, XRD, SEM, FTIR, MBA and XRF. The results indicated that Temple tuffs and two of the three quarries (Fatma Gerdan and Kızılkeçili) had similar engineering geological and micrstructural properties. Therefore, they could be used as building stone during the construction of Temple.
Citation Formats
D. Ergenç, “Investigation of tuff quarries around the temple of Apollon Smintheus (Çanakkale, Turkey),” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2011.