Characterization of yellow rust and stem rust resistant and sensitive durum wheat lines at molecular level by using biophysical methods

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2011
Kansu, Çiğdem
Stem rust and Yellow rust diseases are the two major wheat fungal diseases causing considerable yield losses in Turkey and all around the world. There are studies which are carried out to identify and utilize resistance sources in order to obtain resistant lines of wheat. However, virulent pathotypes are continuously being important threats to wheat production and yield. For that reason, new approaches for rapid identification are needed. The aim of this study was to investigate and to understand the structural and functional differences between the resistant and sensitive durum wheat cultivars to the plant fungal diseases of stem and yellow (stripe) rusts. To aim this, forty durum wheat recombinant inbred lines (RILs), which were previously determined to be resistant or sensitive to stem and yellow rust diseases, were investigated by the noninvasive Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) Spectroscopy. Also, classification of the resistant and sensitive lines depending on the structural and functional differences has been attempted. The FTIR spectra for stem rust disease showed that, resistant durum wheat lines had a significant increase in the population of unsaturation in acyl chains of lipid molecules, an increase in lipid and in total protein content and also an increase in carboxylic acids and alcohols. For yellow rust disease, resistant lines had a significant increase in hydrogen bonding and they had also a more ordered membrane structure. In Principal Component Analysis for stem rust disease, according to 3700-650 cm-1 region, amide III band (1213-1273 cm-1 region) and C-H stretching region (3020- 2800 cm-1), the resistant and sensitive groups were separated successfully. For yellow rust disease, according to 3700-650 cm-1 region, Amide A and Amide III bands, the resistant and sensitive lines were grouped distinctly. FTIR spectroscopy provides a useful approach to determine the differences in molecular structure of durum wheat RILs regarding resistance of lines to fungal diseases. However, further research is still needed to ensure if the structural and functional differences in biomolecules of the samples could be used as molecular markers for discrimination of rust resistant materials from rust sensitive ones.

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Citation Formats
Ç. Kansu, “Characterization of yellow rust and stem rust resistant and sensitive durum wheat lines at molecular level by using biophysical methods,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.