Mutual coupling calibration of antenna arrays for direction-of-arrival estimation

Aksoy, Taylan
An antenna array is an indispensable portion of a direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation operation. A number of error sources in the arrays degrade the DOA estimation accuracy. Mutual coupling effect is one of the main error sources and should be corrected for any antenna array. In this thesis, a system theoretic approach is presented for mutual coupling characterization of antenna arrays. In this approach, the idea is to model the mutual coupling effect through a simple linear transformation between the measured and the ideal array data. In this context, a measurement reduction method (MRM) is proposed to decrease the number of calibration measurements. This new method dramatically reduces the number of calibration measurements for omnidirectional antennas. It is shown that a single calibration measurement is sufficient for uniform circular arrays when MRM is used. The method is extended for the arrays composed of non-omnidirectional (NOD) antennas. It is shown that a single calibration matrix can not properly model the mutual coupling effect in an NOD antenna array. Therefore, a sectorized calibration approach is proposed for NOD antenna arrays where the mutual coupling calibration is done in angular sectors. Furthermore, mutual coupling problem is also investigated for antenna arrays over a perfect electric conductor plate. In this case, reflections from the plate lead to gain/phase mismatches in the antenna elements. In this context, a composite matrix approach is proposed where mutual coupling and gain/phase mismatch are jointly modelled by using a single composite calibration matrix. The proposed methods are evaluated over DOA estimation accuracies using Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC) algorithm. The calibration measurements are obtained using the numerical electromagnetic simulation tool FEKO. The evaluation results show that the proposed methods effectively realize the mutual coupling calibration of antenna arrays.


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Citation Formats
T. Aksoy, “Mutual coupling calibration of antenna arrays for direction-of-arrival estimation,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.