A comparative study on pose estimation algorithms using visual data

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2012
Çetinkaya, Güven
Computation of the position and orientation of an object with respect to a camera from its images is called pose estimation problem. Pose estimation is one of the major problems in computer vision, robotics and photogrammetry. Object tracking, object recognition, self-localization of robots are typical examples for the use of pose estimation. Determining the pose of an object from its projections requires 3D model of an object in its own reference system, the camera parameters and 2D image of the object. Most of the pose estimation algorithms require the correspondences between the 3D model points of the object and 2D image points. In this study, four well-known pose estimation algorithms requiring the 2D-3D correspondences to be known a priori; namely, Orthogonal Iterations, POSIT, DLT and Efficient PnP are compared. Moreover, two other well-known algorithms that solve the correspondence and pose problems simultaneously; Soft POSIT and Blind- PnP are also compared in the scope of this thesis study. In the first step of the simulations, synthetic data is formed using a realistic motion scenario and the algorithms are compared using this data. In the next step, real images captured by a calibrated camera for an object with known 3D model are exploited. The simulation results indicate that POSIT algorithm performs the best among the algorithms requiring point correspondences. Another result obtained from the experiments is that Soft-POSIT algorithm can be considered to perform better than Blind-PnP algorithm.

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Citation Formats
G. Çetinkaya, “A comparative study on pose estimation algorithms using visual data,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.