Photobiological hydrogen production from sugar beet molasses

Sağır, Emrah
The main aim of this study was to investigate biological hydrogen production from sucrose and molasses by purple non-sulphur bacteria (PNS). The hydrogen production capacities of four different PNS bacteria (Rhodobacter capsulatus (DSM 1710), Rhodobacter capsulatus YO3 (Hup-), Rhodopseudomonas palustris (DSM 127) and Rhodobacter sphaeroides O.U.001 (DSM 5864)) were tested on sucrose and molasses. The photobiological hydrogen production were performed in 50 ml and 150 ml small scale photobioreactors, in batch mode. The produced hydrogen quantities, bacterial growth profiles and pH of the media were recorded through the photobiological hydrogen production processes. Organic acids and sucrose consumption rates were determined by HPLC during the experiments. The maximum hydrogen productivitiy of 0.78 (mmol/lc.h) and 0.55 (mmol/lc.h) was obtained by R. palustris (DSM 127) on sucrose and molasses, respectively. Secondly, co-cultivation of these bacterial strains was studied. The maximum hydrogen productivity by co-cultivation of R. sphaeroides O.U.001 (DSM 5864) and R. palustris (DSM 127) was found as 1.0 (mmol/lc.h).


Anaerobic mesophilic co-digestion of sugar-beet processing wastewater and beet-pulp in batch reactors
Alkaya, Emrah; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi (2011-03-01)
In this study, biochemical methane potential (BMP) assay was conducted to investigate the effect of waste mixing and F/M ratio on the co-digestion of wastewater and beet-pulp, in addition to the digestion of the wastes separately. In the studied F/M range (0.51–2.56 g COD/g VSS), observed treatment efficiencies (63.7–87.3% COD removal and 69.6–89.3% VS reduction) were indications of high biodegradability for both wastewater and beet-pulp, which decreased with increasing F/M. It was evident that the extent o...
Photobiological hydrogen production by Rhodobacter sphaeroides O.U.001 by utilization of waste water from milk industry
Turkarslan, S; Yigit, DO; Aslan, K; Eroğlu, İnci; Gündüz, Ufuk (1997-06-26)
Hydrogen production with photosynthetic microorganisms contributes to the protection of the environment, not only in producing a clean fuel but also in waste treatment processes. In this study, Rhodobacter sphaeroides, a photosynthetic bacteria, is used in photobiological hydrogen production by using waste water from the milk industry.
Direct synthesis of hydrogen storage alloys from their oxides
Tan, Serdar; Öztürk, Tayfur; Aydınol, Mehmet Kadri; Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering (2011)
The aim of this study is the synthesis of hydrogen storage compounds by electrodeoxidation technique which offers an inexpensive and rapid route to synthesize compounds from oxide mixtures. Within the scope of this study, two hydrogen storage compounds, FeTi and Mg2Ni, are aimed to be produced by this technique. In the first part, effect of sintering conditions on synthesis of FeTi was studied. For this purpose, oxide pellets made out of Fe2O3-TiO2 powders were sintered at temperatures between 900 °C – 1300...
Optimising clarification of carrot juice by bacterial crude pectinase
Uzuner, Sibel; Çekmecelioğlu, Deniz (2015-12-01)
This study was undertaken to search for potential use of crude bacterial pectinase enzyme produced from Bacillus subtilis grown on hazelnut shell hydrolysate in clarification of carrot juice and to optimize the enzyme load, pH and time using the Box-Behnken response surface methodology (RSM). The carrot juice was treated with the crude pectinase enzyme (5.60 U mL(-1)) at different concentrations (0.1-0.5%), pH (4-7), and time (2-6 h). The obtained enzyme was also compared with commercial fungal pectinase at...
Pyrolysis of Polyethylene over Aluminum-Incorporated MCM-41 Catalyst
Aydemir, Bugce; Sezgi, Naime Aslı (2016-01-01)
Aluminum-containing MCM-41 catalysts were synthesized in this study by impregnation of aluminum into hydrothermally synthesized MCM-41. Aluminum was loaded into the porous framework of silica with different Al/Si ratios, using aluminum isopropoxide as the aluminum source. These catalysts exhibited Type IV adsorption-desorption isotherms and had a pore diameter of 2.4nm. Aluminum species were coordinated tetra- and octahedrally in the structure of catalysts. Diffuse Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared Spe...
Citation Formats
E. Sağır, “Photobiological hydrogen production from sugar beet molasses,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.